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From the 'Battle of Seattle' to the 'War on Terrorism' in The New York Times
Unformatted Document Text:  From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to the ‘War on Terrorism’ 9 9 2. World Trade Organization or International Monetary Fund or World Economic Forum or World Bank or Group of Eight or Free Trade Area or G-8 3. protest or movement or network or advoca* or critic* or opposition or alliance or riot These very inclusive criteria were used to cast the largest net possible for any type of article in which anti-globalization as a social issue or an event might be portrayed. Coding Process: All articles were analyzed three times. First, the articles identified by the database search were assigned to one of six trained researchers to either discard as irrelevant or analyze using a pre-tested coding sheet. A story about “the anti-globalization movement” was defined as one that describes, quotes or refers to individuals, groups or networks who are engaged in activities criticizing the political, economic, social, cultural or ecological consequences of free trade or protesting the trade organizations/multinational corporations that promote globalization. Any story that did not fit this description, that was a duplicate, or that was published from another newspaper yet offered through the NYT Information Bank Abstracts service was not coded. After practice in coding articles from outside the database, the coding sheet (including detailed instructions and operational definitions) was refined through a process of preliminary examinations of relevant content. Then, all six researchers coded one-sixth of the NYT articles and discussed results as a group to fine-tune the definitions and examples in the coding instrument. A comparison of 10% of the final database showed intercoder reliability of 98.6 percent (using Holsti’s [1967] formula), ensuring that categories, definitions and procedures were reliably applied. Reliability and validity were particularly important, and can be potentially troublesome, for a study dealing with this kind of latent or ideological content, so this recursive training was essential. A single researcher subsequently reanalyzed the entire body of articles

Authors: Rauch, Jennifer., Chitrapu, Sunitha., Evans, John., Mwesige, Peter., Paine, Christopher. and Eastman, Susan.
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From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to the ‘War on Terrorism’ 9
9
2. World Trade Organization or International Monetary Fund or World Economic Forum
or World Bank or Group of Eight or Free Trade Area or G-8
3. protest or movement or network or advoca* or critic* or opposition or alliance or riot
These very inclusive criteria were used to cast the largest net possible for any type of article in
which anti-globalization as a social issue or an event might be portrayed.
Coding Process: All articles were analyzed three times. First, the articles identified by the
database search were assigned to one of six trained researchers to either discard as irrelevant or
analyze using a pre-tested coding sheet. A story about “the anti-globalization movement” was
defined as one that describes, quotes or refers to individuals, groups or networks who are
engaged in activities criticizing the political, economic, social, cultural or ecological
consequences of free trade or protesting the trade organizations/multinational corporations that
promote globalization. Any story that did not fit this description, that was a duplicate, or that was
published from another newspaper yet offered through the NYT Information Bank Abstracts
service was not coded.
After practice in coding articles from outside the database, the coding sheet (including
detailed instructions and operational definitions) was refined through a process of preliminary
examinations of relevant content. Then, all six researchers coded one-sixth of the NYT articles
and discussed results as a group to fine-tune the definitions and examples in the coding
instrument. A comparison of 10% of the final database showed intercoder reliability of 98.6
percent (using Holsti’s [1967] formula), ensuring that categories, definitions and procedures
were reliably applied. Reliability and validity were particularly important, and can be potentially
troublesome, for a study dealing with this kind of latent or ideological content, so this recursive
training was essential. A single researcher subsequently reanalyzed the entire body of articles


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