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From the 'Battle of Seattle' to the 'War on Terrorism' in The New York Times
Unformatted Document Text:  From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to the ‘War on Terrorism’ 15 15 Seattle persisted as a symbolic reference point, continuing to be mentioned substantially more than any protest city (other than an event’s home city) throughout the coverage. This city alone composed between 11 percent and 48 percent of all references to protest locations in the post-Seattle time periods. The Emerald City was named as a site of movement events 78 times in stories abut Washington, D.C., 76 times in stories about Prague, and 34 times in stories about Davos. This pattern continued in lesser strength through Quebec and Genoa. Still, more than two years later, Seattle was mentioned 19 times in stories about Doha and 19 times in stories about New York. Hypothesis 2 predicted that the proportion of nonofficial sources in the New York Times’ coverage would increase substantially from May 1999 to April 2002. As Figure 2 illustrates, the number of movement members and other non-establishment sources quoted directly or indirectly jumps markedly in the time periods following Seattle and stays relatively high thereafter. The percentage of nonofficial sources rises from 49 percent during Seattle to 63 during Washington, D.C., (a 30-percent increase) and still hovers around 54 percent (a 10-percent increase) during New York. In contrast to the curve evident in Figure 1, which shows how the leap in movement prominence quickly fizzled, the media’s usage of official sources decreases and of nonofficial sources increases over time—supporting the second hypothesis. — insert Figure 2 here — According to Hypothesis 3, the number of negative terms used to describe anti- globalization movement members’ appearances, behaviors and attitudes in the Times’ coverage would decrease substantially over time. The analysis found support for this hypothesis. The solid line in Figure 3 shows a declining trend over time in the average number of negative descriptors per story, with the exception of Quebec City. Members of the earliest protests surrounding

Authors: Rauch, Jennifer., Chitrapu, Sunitha., Evans, John., Mwesige, Peter., Paine, Christopher. and Eastman, Susan.
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From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to the ‘War on Terrorism’ 15
15
Seattle persisted as a symbolic reference point, continuing to be mentioned substantially
more than any protest city (other than an event’s home city) throughout the coverage. This city
alone composed between 11 percent and 48 percent of all references to protest locations in the
post-Seattle time periods. The Emerald City was named as a site of movement events 78 times in
stories abut Washington, D.C., 76 times in stories about Prague, and 34 times in stories about
Davos. This pattern continued in lesser strength through Quebec and Genoa. Still, more than two
years later, Seattle was mentioned 19 times in stories about Doha and 19 times in stories about
New York.
Hypothesis 2 predicted that the proportion of nonofficial sources in the New York Times’
coverage would increase substantially from May 1999 to April 2002. As Figure 2 illustrates, the
number of movement members and other non-establishment sources quoted directly or indirectly
jumps markedly in the time periods following Seattle and stays relatively high thereafter. The
percentage of nonofficial sources rises from 49 percent during Seattle to 63 during Washington,
D.C., (a 30-percent increase) and still hovers around 54 percent (a 10-percent increase) during
New York. In contrast to the curve evident in Figure 1, which shows how the leap in movement
prominence quickly fizzled, the media’s usage of official sources decreases and of nonofficial
sources increases over time—supporting the second hypothesis.
— insert Figure 2 here —
According to Hypothesis 3, the number of negative terms used to describe anti-
globalization movement members’ appearances, behaviors and attitudes in the Times’ coverage
would decrease substantially over time. The analysis found support for this hypothesis. The solid
line in Figure 3 shows a declining trend over time in the average number of negative descriptors
per story, with the exception of Quebec City. Members of the earliest protests surrounding


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