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From the 'Battle of Seattle' to the 'War on Terrorism' in The New York Times
Unformatted Document Text:  From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to the ‘War on Terrorism’ 17 17 descriptors also drops about six percent between Seattle and New York, it fluctuates dramatically in the intervening period, inflating as high as 63 percent during the middle periods (Genoa) before returning to lower levels than Seattle in the final two periods (Doha and New York). — insert Figure 4 here — Another finding related to the valence of terms used to describe events in this coverage seems noteworthy. As with negative descriptors, the number of neutral descriptors dropped 15 percent (from 53 percent to 45 percent) over the three-year period. Moreover, it is the positive descriptors that reaped the combined benefit of declines in both other categories. The number of favorable terms used to describe the New York protests was nearly three times higher than in Seattle—a change that might, once again, be due to real-world differences such as the low level of violence at the later event. This study also sought to investigate three broader research questions regarding the evolution of journalistic framing of the anti-globalization movement for which the results of the hypothesis testing provide clues. The research questions look more closely at some particular qualities of the individual categories analyzed in this coverage in the hope of better explaining changes in the newspaper’s framing. First, did the New York Times’ framing of anti-globalization dissent change between 1999 and 2002? The results so far have suggested that: • The number of stories decreased over time, while the number of photographs increased and the number of front-page placements stayed flat; • The presence of movement members and supporters, along with media and experts, as journalistic sources increased and the presence of official sources decreased over time; • The appearances, behaviors and attitudes of movement members were portrayed as somewhat less deviant, threatening and stereotypical in 2002 than in 1999; • The movement as a whole was not depicted as more effective, influential or goal-driven in 2002 than in 1999;

Authors: Rauch, Jennifer., Chitrapu, Sunitha., Evans, John., Mwesige, Peter., Paine, Christopher. and Eastman, Susan.
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From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to the ‘War on Terrorism’ 17
17
descriptors also drops about six percent between Seattle and New York, it fluctuates dramatically
in the intervening period, inflating as high as 63 percent during the middle periods (Genoa)
before returning to lower levels than Seattle in the final two periods (Doha and New York).
— insert Figure 4 here —
Another finding related to the valence of terms used to describe events in this coverage
seems noteworthy. As with negative descriptors, the number of neutral descriptors dropped 15
percent (from 53 percent to 45 percent) over the three-year period. Moreover, it is the positive
descriptors that reaped the combined benefit of declines in both other categories. The number of
favorable terms used to describe the New York protests was nearly three times higher than in
Seattle—a change that might, once again, be due to real-world differences such as the low level
of violence at the later event.
This study also sought to investigate three broader research questions regarding the
evolution of journalistic framing of the anti-globalization movement for which the results of the
hypothesis testing provide clues. The research questions look more closely at some particular
qualities of the individual categories analyzed in this coverage in the hope of better explaining
changes in the newspaper’s framing. First, did the New York Times’ framing of anti-globalization
dissent change between 1999 and 2002? The results so far have suggested that:
The number of stories decreased over time, while the number of photographs increased
and the number of front-page placements stayed flat;
The presence of movement members and supporters, along with media and experts, as
journalistic sources increased and the presence of official sources decreased over time;
The appearances, behaviors and attitudes of movement members were portrayed as
somewhat less deviant, threatening and stereotypical in 2002 than in 1999;
The movement as a whole was not depicted as more effective, influential or goal-driven
in 2002 than in 1999;


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