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Analysis on Hostage Crisis Negotiations With Regard to Identity Concerns
Unformatted Document Text:  Hostage Negotiations 23 the bias in choice of face strategies according to the flow of time. The findings of this study demonstrate how participants of hostage-taking negotiations present and negotiate their identities. The results are partially consistent to Rogan and Hammer’s, but selections of facework behaviors differed sigificantly from those presented in the crisis negotiations studied by Rogan and Hammer. This may suggest that hostage-taking incidents involve unique factors that are not found in other types of crises such as suicidal intervention. As Rogan and Hammer (1994) refer to their own study (pp. 226-229), this examination was descriptive, and it would be inappropriate to generalize the results. Each hostage-taking incident may involve unique elements which the participants need to consider. Also, identity concern is not the only element that influences a hostage-taker’s emotional state. Furthermore, although the facework behaviors examined in this study are strictly limited to those which are practiced by and directed toward perpetrators and negotiators, it is necessary to consider that third party interventions including those by the perpetrators’ family or friends by hostages would significantly affect the flow of negotiations. The research on facework behaviors may become more insightful if interactions with third parties are integrated into those bewteen hostage-takers and negotiators.

Authors: Ie, Fumiko.
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Hostage Negotiations 23
the bias in choice of face strategies according to the flow of time. The findings of this
study demonstrate how participants of hostage-taking negotiations present and negotiate
their identities. The results are partially consistent to Rogan and Hammer’s, but
selections of facework behaviors differed sigificantly from those presented in the crisis
negotiations studied by Rogan and Hammer. This may suggest that hostage-taking
incidents involve unique factors that are not found in other types of crises such as suicidal
intervention. As Rogan and Hammer (1994) refer to their own study (pp. 226-229), this
examination was descriptive, and it would be inappropriate to generalize the results.
Each hostage-taking incident may involve unique elements which the participants need to
consider. Also, identity concern is not the only element that influences a hostage-taker’s
emotional state. Furthermore, although the facework behaviors examined in this study
are strictly limited to those which are practiced by and directed toward perpetrators and
negotiators, it is necessary to consider that third party interventions including those by the
perpetrators’ family or friends by hostages would significantly affect the flow of
negotiations. The research on facework behaviors may become more insightful if
interactions with third parties are integrated into those bewteen hostage-takers and
negotiators.


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