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Analysis on Hostage Crisis Negotiations With Regard to Identity Concerns
Unformatted Document Text:  Hostage Negotiations 3 Introduction Whenever a hostage taking incident occurs and is broadcast, people watch the situation with great suspense. A hostage taking case is an intense crisis in which human lives are at stake. Hostage taking incidents are characterized by two opposing interests, one of which, the perpetrator’s side, is presented in a situation in which the other side, the law enforcement side, cannot easily reject the request. The ultimate goal for law enforcement is to resolve the incident without sacrificing human lives. However, if law enforcement complies with the perpetrator's demand, it signifies that the law succumbs to crime. The incidents therefore proceed in a dilemma. Negotiation is the most preferred measure to resolve the incidents with minimum sacrifice. In order to avoid a hostage taker harming hostages or law enforcement individuals, it is essential to stabilize the perpetrator's emotional state during the incidents. Face, or social self, of a perpetrator may play an important role in such emotional control. People usually attempt to protect their own social identity from being harmed. If face is threatened or actually damaged, they may employ methods to cope with this discomfort. In such an intense situation as hostage-taking, in which a threat may easily trigger the perpetrator's emotional break down, distorted and devastating coping strategies including murder may be readily employed. Review of Literature Because hostage-taking incidents typically involve many socially influential aspects, a variety of studies using different approaches have been done. These approaches include, but are not limited to, sociology and criminology, technical and

Authors: Ie, Fumiko.
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Hostage Negotiations 3
Introduction
Whenever a hostage taking incident occurs and is broadcast, people watch the
situation with great suspense. A hostage taking case is an intense crisis in which human
lives are at stake. Hostage taking incidents are characterized by two opposing interests,
one of which, the perpetrator’s side, is presented in a situation in which the other side, the
law enforcement side, cannot easily reject the request. The ultimate goal for law
enforcement is to resolve the incident without sacrificing human lives. However, if law
enforcement complies with the perpetrator's demand, it signifies that the law succumbs to
crime. The incidents therefore proceed in a dilemma. Negotiation is the most preferred
measure to resolve the incidents with minimum sacrifice. In order to avoid a hostage
taker harming hostages or law enforcement individuals, it is essential to stabilize the
perpetrator's emotional state during the incidents. Face, or social self, of a perpetrator
may play an important role in such emotional control. People usually attempt to protect
their own social identity from being harmed. If face is threatened or actually damaged,
they may employ methods to cope with this discomfort. In such an intense situation as
hostage-taking, in which a threat may easily trigger the perpetrator's emotional break
down, distorted and devastating coping strategies including murder may be readily
employed.
Review of Literature
Because hostage-taking incidents typically involve many socially influential
aspects, a variety of studies using different approaches have been done. These
approaches include, but are not limited to, sociology and criminology, technical and


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