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Explaining Information Effects in Collective Preferences
Unformatted Document Text:  majority party in the House (59.4%), majority party in the Senate (54.0%); identifying whether the federal budget deficit was smaller, the same, or larger than 1980 (74.7%); identifying the relative position of Bush and Dukakis on ideology (55.8%) and the two parties on ideology (54.4%), government services (51.3%), national health insurance (44.3%), defense spending (57.5%), and job assurance (46.3%). Respondents in the lowest knowledge quartile averaged 2.0 correct answers out of 16 possible, while respondents in the highest knowledge quartile averaged 13.5 correct answers. The 1992 knowledge index has a mean of 12.7, standard deviation of 5.8, maximum value of 23 and minimum value of 1 (Cronbach’s alpha=.89). The index consists of 19 items: post- election interviewer rating score (reverse coded), offices held by Dan Quayle (87.6% correct answers), William Rehnquist (8.4%), Boris Yeltsin (44.8%), and Tom Foley (25.7%); identifying which branch decides the constitutionality of laws (57.6%), which branch nominates federal judges (57.9%), the majority party in the House (59.2%), the majority party in the Senate (51.0%), and the more conservative party (57.0%); identifying the relative position of the two parties on ideology (58.6%), government services (53.9%), defense spending (51.6%), and job assurance (57.8%); and identifying the relative position of Bush and Clinton on ideology (63.3%), government services (49.7%), defense spending (50.9%), job assurance (51.5%), and abortion (58.9%). Respondents in the lowest knowledge quartile averaged 2.5 correct answers out of 18 possible, while respondents in the highest knowledge quartile averaged 15.6 correct answers. The 1996 knowledge index has a mean of 12.5, standard deviation of 4.8, maximum value of 21 and minimum value of 1 (Cronbach’s alpha=.85). The index consists of 17 items: post- election interviewer rating score (reverse coded), offices held by Al Gore (87.8% correct answers), William Rehnquist (9.3%), Boris Yeltsin (64.7%), and Newt Gingrich (57.8%); identifying whether the federal budget deficit went up, down, or stayed the same during Clinton’s term (29.2%), the majority party in the House (75.0%), and the majority party in the Senate (71.5%); identifying the relative position of the two parties on government services (64.1%), defense spending (48.6%), and environmental regulation (48.8%); and identifying the relative

Authors: Althaus, Scott.
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majority party in the House (59.4%), majority party in the Senate (54.0%); identifying whether
the federal budget deficit was smaller, the same, or larger than 1980 (74.7%); identifying the
relative position of Bush and Dukakis on ideology (55.8%) and the two parties on ideology
(54.4%), government services (51.3%), national health insurance (44.3%), defense spending
(57.5%), and job assurance (46.3%). Respondents in the lowest knowledge quartile averaged 2.0
correct answers out of 16 possible, while respondents in the highest knowledge quartile averaged
13.5 correct answers.
The 1992 knowledge index has a mean of 12.7, standard deviation of 5.8, maximum value
of 23 and minimum value of 1 (Cronbach’s alpha=.89). The index consists of 19 items: post-
election interviewer rating score (reverse coded), offices held by Dan Quayle (87.6% correct
answers), William Rehnquist (8.4%), Boris Yeltsin (44.8%), and Tom Foley (25.7%); identifying
which branch decides the constitutionality of laws (57.6%), which branch nominates federal
judges (57.9%), the majority party in the House (59.2%), the majority party in the Senate
(51.0%), and the more conservative party (57.0%); identifying the relative position of the two
parties on ideology (58.6%), government services (53.9%), defense spending (51.6%), and job
assurance (57.8%); and identifying the relative position of Bush and Clinton on ideology
(63.3%), government services (49.7%), defense spending (50.9%), job assurance (51.5%), and
abortion (58.9%). Respondents in the lowest knowledge quartile averaged 2.5 correct answers
out of 18 possible, while respondents in the highest knowledge quartile averaged 15.6 correct
answers.
The 1996 knowledge index has a mean of 12.5, standard deviation of 4.8, maximum value
of 21 and minimum value of 1 (Cronbach’s alpha=.85). The index consists of 17 items: post-
election interviewer rating score (reverse coded), offices held by Al Gore (87.8% correct
answers), William Rehnquist (9.3%), Boris Yeltsin (64.7%), and Newt Gingrich (57.8%);
identifying whether the federal budget deficit went up, down, or stayed the same during Clinton’s
term (29.2%), the majority party in the House (75.0%), and the majority party in the Senate
(71.5%); identifying the relative position of the two parties on government services (64.1%),
defense spending (48.6%), and environmental regulation (48.8%); and identifying the relative


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