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Effect of Thin vs. Plus-Size Models: A Comparison of Body Image Ideals by Gender
Unformatted Document Text:  Ideal Body Image, 23 presented five fashion models. They compared each model against the average model and the average women for weight and attractiveness. Rating of models was followed by visual estimations of actual and ideal body shapes. Procedure was much the same as Experiment 1 with one minor addition – the assessment of the actual body size estimation for women. Results The reliabilities of the self-esteem (.92) and physique anxiety (.88) were comparable to Experiment 1, as were the means. Manipulation Check With one exception, the results of the manipulation check were almost identical to Experiment 1. In the previous experiment, when rating the attractiveness of the models in comparison to the average model, women rated plus-size models (M = 6.6) to be more attractive than the thin models (M = 6.0). See Table 1. This significant difference could have focused respondents’ attention on attractiveness, rather than the difference in body shape, which was the intended manipulation. In Experiment 2, this difference in attractiveness that was perceived by women was not significant. Thin models were rated 6.1 and plus models rated 6.3. Men’s perception of attractiveness, however, was different between the thin (M = 6.6) and plus-size models (M = 4.5), t (113) = 7.10, p < .001, which replicates the finding in Experiment 1. Manipulation check data from Experiment 2 indicate that thin and plus-size models had the intended effect on weight and perceived thinness; thin models were rated as comparable to the average model, but thinner than the average woman, whereas plus- size models were rated as overweight compared to the average model, but comparable to

Authors: Prabu, David., Liu, Kaiya. and Cortese, Juliann.
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Ideal Body Image, 23
presented five fashion models. They compared each model against the average model and
the average women for weight and attractiveness. Rating of models was followed by
visual estimations of actual and ideal body shapes. Procedure was much the same as
Experiment 1 with one minor addition – the assessment of the actual body size estimation
for women.
Results
The reliabilities of the self-esteem (.92) and physique anxiety (.88) were
comparable to Experiment 1, as were the means.
Manipulation Check
With one exception, the results of the manipulation check were almost identical to
Experiment 1. In the previous experiment, when rating the attractiveness of the models in
comparison to the average model, women rated plus-size models (M = 6.6) to be more
attractive than the thin models (M = 6.0). See Table 1. This significant difference could
have focused respondents’ attention on attractiveness, rather than the difference in body
shape, which was the intended manipulation. In Experiment 2, this difference in
attractiveness that was perceived by women was not significant. Thin models were rated
6.1 and plus models rated 6.3. Men’s perception of attractiveness, however, was different
between the thin (M = 6.6) and plus-size models (M = 4.5), t (113) = 7.10, p < .001,
which replicates the finding in Experiment 1.
Manipulation check data from Experiment 2 indicate that thin and plus-size
models had the intended effect on weight and perceived thinness; thin models were rated
as comparable to the average model, but thinner than the average woman, whereas plus-
size models were rated as overweight compared to the average model, but comparable to


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