All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Effect of Thin vs. Plus-Size Models: A Comparison of Body Image Ideals by Gender
Unformatted Document Text:  Ideal Body Image, 25 significant shift in the thin models condition and the presence of a significant shift in the plus models condition seem to explain the Model x Pre-Post interaction. Although the interaction supports the presence of body image elasticity, the effect was not in the direction that we had predicted. When H6 was stated, we expected that exposure to thin models would result in a heavier perception of the actual, which would be a logical outcome of body dissatisfaction that stems from comparison with a thin ideal. The data do not support this pattern. Instead, the shift was toward a heavier actual in the plus-size condition, without any change in the thin-models condition. One could speculate that social comparisons with the heavier models resulted in relaxation of norms, which could have nudged up a tight baseline evaluation that conformed to stringent social norms. On the other hand, the pattern could be explained as a simple priming effect, which is examined in the discussion. Ideal Body Shape. The ideal body shape variable was constructed by combining two questions that were worded differently for men and women, the estimate of the ideal body shape for self provided by each female participant and the each male participant’s preference for the ideal female body shape. The pre and the post evaluation of ideal body shape was analyzed using a 2 (Gender: male, female) x 2 (Model Type: thin, plus-size) x 2 (pre, post) mixed design, where pre- and post-assessments of the ideal body shape was the only within-subject factor. Self-esteem, physique anxiety, and body mass index were entered as covariates. Main effects for gender, F (1, 214) = 3.69, p < .06, MSe = 0.85, model type, F (1, 214) = 15.09, p < .001, MSe = 0.85, body mass, F (1, 214) = 25.33, p < .001, MSe = 0.85, and pre-post, F (1, 214) = 4.47, p < .05, MSe = 0.85, were significant. Among the

Authors: Prabu, David., Liu, Kaiya. and Cortese, Juliann.
first   previous   Page 25 of 40   next   last



background image
Ideal Body Image, 25
significant shift in the thin models condition and the presence of a significant shift in the
plus models condition seem to explain the Model x Pre-Post interaction.
Although the interaction supports the presence of body image elasticity, the effect
was not in the direction that we had predicted. When H6 was stated, we expected that
exposure to thin models would result in a heavier perception of the actual, which would
be a logical outcome of body dissatisfaction that stems from comparison with a thin ideal.
The data do not support this pattern. Instead, the shift was toward a heavier actual in the
plus-size condition, without any change in the thin-models condition. One could
speculate that social comparisons with the heavier models resulted in relaxation of norms,
which could have nudged up a tight baseline evaluation that conformed to stringent social
norms. On the other hand, the pattern could be explained as a simple priming effect,
which is examined in the discussion.
Ideal
Body
Shape. The ideal body shape variable was constructed by combining
two questions that were worded differently for men and women, the estimate of the ideal
body shape for self provided by each female participant and the each male participant’s
preference for the ideal female body shape. The pre and the post evaluation of ideal body
shape was analyzed using a 2 (Gender: male, female) x 2 (Model Type: thin, plus-size) x
2 (pre, post) mixed design, where pre- and post-assessments of the ideal body shape was
the only within-subject factor. Self-esteem, physique anxiety, and body mass index were
entered as covariates.
Main effects for gender, F (1, 214) = 3.69, p < .06, MSe = 0.85, model type, F (1,
214) = 15.09, p < .001, MSe = 0.85, body mass, F (1, 214) = 25.33, p < .001, MSe = 0.85,
and pre-post, F (1, 214) = 4.47, p < .05, MSe = 0.85, were significant. Among the


Convention
Submission, Review, and Scheduling! All Academic Convention can help with all of your abstract management needs and many more. Contact us today for a quote!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 25 of 40   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.