All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

How the Internet Affects Political Communication of Individuals - A Longitudinal Survey of Onliners and Offliners
Unformatted Document Text:  ICA-6-10602 4 We differentiated our core question into three specific research questions: 1. Are there differences in kind and intensity of political communication between users and non-users of the Internet? What social divides will show up regarding possible differences? 2. If there are differences: What changes over time can be observed? Are social divides narrowing or widening? Do online activities substitute conventional activities or are they supplementary? 3. If there are differences and changes: What are the causes? Are the differences and changes due to online access or are they due to other variables like level of education etc.? 3. Profile of the Study 3.1 Design of the Study We will present some results from our ongoing study – a standardized telephone survey in Germany in 2002 and again in 2003. A total of about 1.000 people are surveyed twice in a panel design with about 50 % being Internet users in 2002. The study allows statements about developments over time by interviewing the same persons twice. As the second wave of this representative survey will be conducted in January/February 2003, no final data can be provided in this version of the paper on answering especially the third research question. They will be provided in the presentation at the ICA conference in May 2003. Provisional data on the second research question can be derived from a preceding study conducted with a smaller population in two major cities. Final data being representative for a national population can as well be provided in May 2003. 3.2 Operationalization of Political Communication In order to ascertain differences among those surveyed as exactly as possible, we differentiated political communication into several dimensions: form, political context, and technical basis.

Authors: Emmer, Martin. and Vowe, Gerhard.
first   previous   Page 4 of 13   next   last



background image
ICA-6-10602
4
We differentiated our core question into three specific research questions:
1. Are
there
differences in kind and intensity of political communication between users and
non-users of the Internet? What social divides will show up regarding possible
differences?
2. If there are differences: What changes over time can be observed? Are social divides
narrowing or widening? Do online activities substitute conventional activities or are they
supplementary?
3. If there are differences and changes: What are the causes? Are the differences and
changes due to online access or are they due to other variables like level of education etc.?
3. Profile of the Study
3.1 Design of the Study
We will present some results from our ongoing study – a standardized telephone survey in
Germany in 2002 and again in 2003. A total of about 1.000 people are surveyed twice in a
panel design with about 50 % being Internet users in 2002. The study allows statements about
developments over time by interviewing the same persons twice. As the second wave of this
representative survey will be conducted in January/February 2003, no final data can be
provided in this version of the paper on answering especially the third research question. They
will be provided in the presentation at the ICA conference in May 2003. Provisional data on
the second research question can be derived from a preceding study conducted with a smaller
population in two major cities. Final data being representative for a national population can as
well be provided in May 2003.
3.2 Operationalization of Political Communication
In order to ascertain differences among those surveyed as exactly as possible, we
differentiated political communication into several dimensions: form, political context, and
technical basis.


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 4 of 13   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.