All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Analyzing the Production of the Law of Cyberspace
Unformatted Document Text:  10 research for claims of priority and public validation of the research. Second, the central mission of a university is to create and disseminate knowledge to the public. Therefore, researchers within the university are obligated to provide their results to the public. 34 This norm is an important one, but it is also changing as a result of changes in the law concerning the intellectual property of universities. Universities are increasingly licensing out their knowledge, instead of placing it into the public domain. III. F IRMS In our capitalist economic system, it is the private sector that develops the majority of code. 35 For instance, firms spent over fifty billion dollars on research and development for new code in 1998. 36 Firms such as IBM, Digital Equipment Corporation, and Microsoft have historically developed much of the code widely adopted in society. Our definition of firm goes beyond the strict legal definition of corporation and is meant to encompass other constituent entities such as corporate research laboratories. 37 This section shows that code developed by firm is primarily motivated by economic concerns of customer satisfaction. This emphasis leads to code with quite different values than code produced by a university, along with a more restrictive approach to the dissemination of code. 34 R OGER E. N OLL , C HALLENGES TO R ESEARCH U NIVERSITIES (1998) (noting that the rationale for public funding of universities is to support the dissemination of information widely). 35 See U.S. Information Agency, An Outline of the American Economy, available at http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/trade/ameconom/homepage.htm (1991) (noting the role of private ownership of firms in the production of goods and services). 36 C OMPUTER S CIENCE AND T ELECOMMUNICATIONS B OARD , supra note 15, at 64. 37 Corporate research laboratories are considered firms, because of the recent trend that emphasizes applied research that contributes to the bottom line over basic research. See C OMPUTER S CIENCE AND T ELECOMMUNICATIONS B OARD , supra note 15, at 72-73 (discussing how IBM, AT&T and Lucent Laboratories, and Xerox have redirected their research to meet business interests).

Authors: Shah, Rajiv. and Kesan, Jay.
first   previous   Page 10 of 24   next   last



background image
10
research for claims of priority and public validation of the research. Second, the central mission
of a university is to create and disseminate knowledge to the public. Therefore, researchers
within the university are obligated to provide their results to the public.
34
This norm is an
important one, but it is also changing as a result of changes in the law concerning the intellectual
property of universities. Universities are increasingly licensing out their knowledge, instead of
placing it into the public domain.
III. F
IRMS
In our capitalist economic system, it is the private sector that develops the majority of
code.
35
For instance, firms spent over fifty billion dollars on research and development for new
code in 1998.
36
Firms such as IBM, Digital Equipment Corporation, and Microsoft have
historically developed much of the code widely adopted in society. Our definition of firm goes
beyond the strict legal definition of corporation and is meant to encompass other constituent
entities such as corporate research laboratories.
37
This section shows that code developed by
firm is primarily motivated by economic concerns of customer satisfaction. This emphasis leads
to code with quite different values than code produced by a university, along with a more
restrictive approach to the dissemination of code.
34
R
OGER
E. N
OLL
, C
HALLENGES TO
R
ESEARCH
U
NIVERSITIES
(1998) (noting that the rationale for public funding of
universities is to support the dissemination of information widely).
35
See U.S. Information Agency, An Outline of the American Economy, available at
http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/trade/ameconom/homepage.htm (1991) (noting the role of private ownership of
firms in the production of goods and services).
36
C
OMPUTER
S
CIENCE AND
T
ELECOMMUNICATIONS
B
OARD
, supra note 15, at 64.
37
Corporate research laboratories are considered firms, because of the recent trend that emphasizes applied research
that contributes to the bottom line over basic research. See C
OMPUTER
S
CIENCE AND
T
ELECOMMUNICATIONS
B
OARD
, supra note 15, at 72-73 (discussing how IBM, AT&T and Lucent Laboratories, and Xerox have redirected
their research to meet business interests).


Convention
All Academic Convention makes running your annual conference simple and cost effective. It is your online solution for abstract management, peer review, and scheduling for your annual meeting or convention.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 10 of 24   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.