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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts

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Abstract:

Aggressive driving is a serious problem throughout the United States (e.g., Mizell, 1997; Tasca, 2001). Much of the literature addressing this phenomenon examines factors such as demographics (e.g., Arnett, 1994), personality characteristics (e.g., Deffenbacher, Huff, Lynch, Oetting, & Salvatore, 2000), and environmental circumstances (e.g., Turner, Layton, & Simons, 1975) as aggressive driving predictors. Using Berkowitz’s (1993) priming effects theory, the present study examines the effects of music (non-violent music with non-violent lyrics, violent music with no lyrics, and violent music with violent lyrics) on college students’ negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state anger, using a longitudinal experimental design study. Within-subjects effects analyses for each of the four music conditions indicated a significant quadratic contrast for driving anger, negative-valence thoughts, and state anger. Additionally, results identify predictors of driving anger along with a discussion of implications for communication researchers and the radio broadcast industry.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

music (205), violent (188), anger (169), drive (106), lyric (86), thought (82), aggress (77), state (68), negat (55), non (52), expos (48), valenc (47), effect (46), berkowitz (43), non-viol (41), driver (40), respond (39), signific (38), e.g (35), studi (35), m (34),

Author's Keywords:

cognition, priming effects, music, violence, anger
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Association:
Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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MLA Citation:

Quick, Brian. "A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112129_index.html>

APA Citation:

Quick, B. L. , 2003-05-27 "A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112129_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Aggressive driving is a serious problem throughout the United States (e.g., Mizell, 1997; Tasca, 2001). Much of the literature addressing this phenomenon examines factors such as demographics (e.g., Arnett, 1994), personality characteristics (e.g., Deffenbacher, Huff, Lynch, Oetting, & Salvatore, 2000), and environmental circumstances (e.g., Turner, Layton, & Simons, 1975) as aggressive driving predictors. Using Berkowitz’s (1993) priming effects theory, the present study examines the effects of music (non-violent music with non-violent lyrics, violent music with no lyrics, and violent music with violent lyrics) on college students’ negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state anger, using a longitudinal experimental design study. Within-subjects effects analyses for each of the four music conditions indicated a significant quadratic contrast for driving anger, negative-valence thoughts, and state anger. Additionally, results identify predictors of driving anger along with a discussion of implications for communication researchers and the radio broadcast industry.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 33
Word count: 7564
Text sample:
Violent Music 1 Running head: PRIMING EFFECTS OF VIOLENT MUSIC Student Paper A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger State Anger and Negative-Valence Thoughts Abstract Aggressive driving is a serious problem throughout the United States (e.g. Mizell 1997; Tasca 2001). Much of the literature addressing this phenomenon examines factors such as demographics (e.g. Arnett 1994) personality characteristics (e.g. Deffenbacher Huff Lynch Oetting & Salvatore 2000) and environmental circumstances (e.g. Turner Layton & Simons 1975)
music with nonviolent lyrics T3 = violent music with no lyrics T4 = violent music with violent lyrics. Violent Music 33 Figure 3. State Anger 4 3 2.86 2 2.06 1.78 1.46 1 0 T1 T2 T3 T4 Note: T1 = Baseline reports T2 = nonviolent music with nonviolent lyrics T3 = violent music with no lyrics T4 = violent music with violent lyrics.


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