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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 1 Running head: PRIMING EFFECTS OF VIOLENT MUSIC Student Paper A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts Abstract Aggressive driving is a serious problem throughout the United States (e.g., Mizell, 1997; Tasca, 2001). Much of the literature addressing this phenomenon examines factors such as demographics (e.g., Arnett, 1994), personality characteristics (e.g., Deffenbacher, Huff, Lynch, Oetting, & Salvatore, 2000), and environmental circumstances (e.g., Turner, Layton, & Simons, 1975) as aggressive driving predictors. Using Berkowitz’s (1993) priming effects theory, the present study examines the effects of music (non-violent music with non-violent lyrics, violent music with no lyrics, and violent music with violent lyrics) on college students’ negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state anger, using a longitudinal experimental design study. Within-subjects effects analyses for each of the four music conditions indicated a significant quadratic contrast for driving anger, negative-valence thoughts, and state anger. Additionally, results identify predictors of driving anger along with a discussion of implications for communication researchers and the radio broadcast industry. Paper submitted to the Information Systems Division of the International Communication Association for presentation at the annual conference, 2003.

Authors: Quick, Brian.
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background image
Violent Music
1
Running head: PRIMING EFFECTS OF VIOLENT MUSIC
Student Paper
A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State
Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Abstract
Aggressive driving is a serious problem throughout the United States (e.g., Mizell, 1997;
Tasca, 2001). Much of the literature addressing this phenomenon examines factors such
as demographics (e.g., Arnett, 1994), personality characteristics (e.g., Deffenbacher,
Huff, Lynch, Oetting, & Salvatore, 2000), and environmental circumstances (e.g., Turner,
Layton, & Simons, 1975) as aggressive driving predictors. Using Berkowitz’s (1993)
priming effects theory, the present study examines the effects of music (non-violent
music with non-violent lyrics, violent music with no lyrics, and violent music with
violent lyrics) on college students’ negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state
anger, using a longitudinal experimental design study. Within-subjects effects analyses
for each of the four music conditions indicated a significant quadratic contrast for driving
anger, negative-valence thoughts, and state anger. Additionally, results identify predictors
of driving anger along with a discussion of implications for communication researchers
and the radio broadcast industry.
Paper submitted to the Information Systems Division of the International Communication

Association for presentation at the annual conference, 2003.


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