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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 12 H4: Respondent’s negative valence thoughts, state anger, and driving anger will be less when exposed to nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics than baseline reports. Jo and Berkowitz’s (1993) cognitive neo-associationistic model assumes an emotional state is best regarded as an association network. Despite being interconnected, this association network is not a tightly knit package; however, Berkowitz (1993) postulates that an activation of one subsystem activates other network components to some degree. To test this interconnectedness among respondents’ thoughts, driving anger, and state anger, the fifth hypothesis: H5: The level of state anger and negative-valence thoughts will predict the level of driving anger in each of the music conditions with violent music. Anderson and Bushman’s (1998) General Aggression Model posits that individuals bring person factors with them to an aversive event (i.e., traits, attitudes, scripts). Interestingly, DePasquale et al. (2001) suggest when an aversive event is coupled with environmental stimuli (i.e., violent music) for a driver with high levels of particular traits (e.g., venturesomeness), he or she will experience increased aggressive related tendencies. Priming theory suggests that once a driver hears a song, ideas having similar meaning are activated for a short time afterwards thus resulting in feelings, memories, and potential action tendencies associated with the song (Jo & Berkowitz, 1994). Given the influences these factors have on outcomes, the following question:

Authors: Quick, Brian.
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Violent Music
12
H4: Respondent’s negative valence thoughts, state anger, and driving anger will
be less when exposed to nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics than baseline
reports.
Jo and Berkowitz’s (1993) cognitive neo-associationistic model assumes an
emotional state is best regarded as an association network. Despite being interconnected,
this association network is not a tightly knit package; however, Berkowitz (1993)
postulates that an activation of one subsystem activates other network components to
some degree. To test this interconnectedness among respondents’ thoughts, driving anger,
and state anger, the fifth hypothesis:
H5: The level of state anger and negative-valence thoughts will predict the level
of driving anger in each of the music conditions with violent music.
Anderson and Bushman’s (1998) General Aggression Model posits that
individuals bring person factors with them to an aversive event (i.e., traits, attitudes,
scripts). Interestingly, DePasquale et al. (2001) suggest when an aversive event is
coupled with environmental stimuli (i.e., violent music) for a driver with high levels of
particular traits (e.g., venturesomeness), he or she will experience increased aggressive
related tendencies. Priming theory suggests that once a driver hears a song, ideas having
similar meaning are activated for a short time afterwards thus resulting in feelings,
memories, and potential action tendencies associated with the song (Jo & Berkowitz,
1994). Given the influences these factors have on outcomes, the following question:


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