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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 13 RQ1: Are respondents, who possess high trait aggression, anger, hostility, impulsiveness, and venturesomeness, affected differently (i.e., negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state anger) by the four conditions than respondents who possess low amounts of the aforementioned traits? Method A longitudinal panel study was conducted over a 12-week period to measure the short-term effects of three incongruous music genres on within subjects’ negative-valence thoughts, state anger, and driver anger. Sample and Procedures Arnett (1994) suggests age is the most notable predictor of aggressive drivers. Research illustrates that young drivers are the most aggressive (e.g., Mizell, 1997) therefore undergraduates are appropriate respondents. Fifty undergraduate students (22 females, 28 males) enrolled in communication courses at a large Midwestern university participated in this four-phase study to earn extra credit. Ethnicity of the respondents approximated the demographics of the region; 82% were European-American, 14% were African-American, 2% were Asian-American, and 2% were Native-American. The majority of individuals were between the ages of 18-21 (M = 19.52, SD = 1.52). Data were collected from respondents over four time periods in three-week intervals. During the first data collection (T1), respondents reported their overall anger (Buss & Perry, 1992), state anger (Spielberger, Jacobs, Russell, & Crane, 1983), physical and verbal aggression tendencies (Buss & Perry, 1992), driving anger (Deffenbacher, Oetting, & Lynch, 1994), hostility levels (Buss & Perry, 1992), impulsiveness (Eysenck, Pearson, Easting, & Allsop, 1985), thoughts (Cacioppo & Petty, 1981), venturesomeness

Authors: Quick, Brian.
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Violent Music
13
RQ1: Are respondents, who possess high trait aggression, anger, hostility,
impulsiveness, and venturesomeness, affected differently (i.e., negative-valence
thoughts, driving anger, and state anger) by the four conditions than respondents
who possess low amounts of the aforementioned traits?
Method
A longitudinal panel study was conducted over a 12-week period to measure the
short-term effects of three incongruous music genres on within subjects’ negative-valence
thoughts, state anger, and driver anger.
Sample and Procedures
Arnett (1994) suggests age is the most notable predictor of aggressive drivers.
Research illustrates that young drivers are the most aggressive (e.g., Mizell, 1997)
therefore undergraduates are appropriate respondents. Fifty undergraduate students (22
females, 28 males) enrolled in communication courses at a large Midwestern university
participated in this four-phase study to earn extra credit. Ethnicity of the respondents
approximated the demographics of the region; 82% were European-American, 14% were
African-American, 2% were Asian-American, and 2% were Native-American. The
majority of individuals were between the ages of 18-21 (M = 19.52, SD = 1.52).
Data were collected from respondents over four time periods in three-week
intervals. During the first data collection (T1), respondents reported their overall anger
(Buss & Perry, 1992), state anger (Spielberger, Jacobs, Russell, & Crane, 1983), physical
and verbal aggression tendencies (Buss & Perry, 1992), driving anger (Deffenbacher,
Oetting, & Lynch, 1994), hostility levels (Buss & Perry, 1992), impulsiveness (Eysenck,
Pearson, Easting, & Allsop, 1985), thoughts (Cacioppo & Petty, 1981), venturesomeness


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