All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 14 (Eysenck et al., 1985), and demographic information. Three weeks later, the same respondents were exposed to a non-violent song with non-violent lyrics (T2). The song played for 30 seconds before the respondents began reporting state and driving anger while simultaneously listening to the song. Respondents completed the driving anger scale while simultaneously listening to the music, because when confronted with an aversive event on the road, drivers typically listen to music simultaneously. After the completion of the song, respondents had 3-minutes to list their thoughts occurring while listening to the music. The same respondents followed the same protocol in data collection three (T3) (violent music with no lyrics) and four (T4)(violent music with violent lyrics). Stimulus Music. The experimenter selected three songs, each approximately 5 minutes in length. Each was selected due to its conveyed message/beat (level of violence) and its obscurity. The three songs selected were Drifting and Falling (Schelzel & The Ocean Blue, 1989) (non-violent music/non-violent lyrics), Open (Chevelle, 1999) (violent music/no lyrics), and Flashback (Ministry, 1988) (violent music/violent lyrics). In order to be consistent with the other two songs, Open was remixed for length. Measures Aggression. The Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) consists of 29 items (anger (7), hostility (8), physical aggression (9), and verbal aggression (5)). Each item on the Aggression Questionnaire was measured on a 7-point scale with 1 = strongly disagree and 7 = strongly agree. Respectable reliabilities were attained for each

Authors: Quick, Brian.
first   previous   Page 14 of 33   next   last



background image
Violent Music
14
(Eysenck et al., 1985), and demographic information. Three weeks later, the same
respondents were exposed to a non-violent song with non-violent lyrics (T2). The song
played for 30 seconds before the respondents began reporting state and driving anger
while simultaneously listening to the song. Respondents completed the driving anger
scale while simultaneously listening to the music, because when confronted with an
aversive event on the road, drivers typically listen to music simultaneously. After the
completion of the song, respondents had 3-minutes to list their thoughts occurring while
listening to the music. The same respondents followed the same protocol in data
collection three (T3) (violent music with no lyrics) and four (T4)(violent music with
violent lyrics).
Stimulus
Music. The experimenter selected three songs, each approximately 5 minutes in
length. Each was selected due to its conveyed message/beat (level of violence) and its
obscurity. The three songs selected were Drifting and Falling (Schelzel & The Ocean
Blue, 1989) (non-violent music/non-violent lyrics), Open (Chevelle, 1999) (violent
music/no lyrics), and Flashback (Ministry, 1988) (violent music/violent lyrics). In order
to be consistent with the other two songs, Open was remixed for length.
Measures
Aggression. The Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) consists of 29
items (anger (7), hostility (8), physical aggression (9), and verbal aggression (5)). Each
item on the Aggression Questionnaire was measured on a 7-point scale with 1 = strongly
disagree and 7 = strongly agree. Respectable reliabilities were attained for each


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 14 of 33   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.