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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 18 violent music and violent lyrics versus nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics, t(49) = 9.6. Hypothesis 2: Violent Music and Driving Anger Paired sample t-test analyses indicated no significant differences in driving anger reported by participants during the three music conditions. While participants were exposed to non-violent music with non-violent lyrics their level of driving anger (M = 4.17, SD = 1.09) did not significantly differ than while exposed to violent music with no lyrics (M = .4.24, SD = 1.17) and violent music with violent lyrics (M = 4.43, SD = 1.35). Hypothesis 3: Violent Music and State Anger As predicted, while respondents were exposed to violent music with violent lyrics they reported the most state anger (M = 2.86, SD = 1.77), followed by when they were exposed to violent music with no lyrics (M = 2.06, SD = 1.12), and nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics (M = 1.5, SD = .82). All comparisons were statistically significant at p < .001: violent music with violent lyrics versus violent music with no lyrics, t(49) = - 4.57; violent music with no lyrics versus nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics, t(49) = -3.89; violent music with violent lyrics versus nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics, t(49) = -6.19. Hypothesis 4: Non-violent Music Effects on Negative-Valence Thoughts, Driving Anger, and State Anger The fourth hypothesis predicted that the number of negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state anger would decrease for respondents while exposed to non- violent music with non-violent lyrics when compared to being exposed to no music. A paired t-test indicated that respondents reported more positive thoughts after listening to

Authors: Quick, Brian.
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Violent Music
18
violent music and violent lyrics versus nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics, t(49) =
9.6.
Hypothesis 2: Violent Music and Driving Anger
Paired sample t-test analyses indicated no significant differences in driving anger
reported by participants during the three music conditions. While participants were
exposed to non-violent music with non-violent lyrics their level of driving anger (M =
4.17, SD = 1.09) did not significantly differ than while exposed to violent music with no
lyrics (M = .4.24, SD = 1.17) and violent music with violent lyrics (M = 4.43, SD = 1.35).
Hypothesis 3: Violent Music and State Anger
As predicted, while respondents were exposed to violent music with violent lyrics
they reported the most state anger (M = 2.86, SD = 1.77), followed by when they were
exposed to violent music with no lyrics (M = 2.06, SD = 1.12), and nonviolent music with
non-violent lyrics (M = 1.5, SD = .82). All comparisons were statistically significant at p
< .001: violent music with violent lyrics versus violent music with no lyrics, t(49) = -
4.57; violent music with no lyrics versus nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics, t(49)
= -3.89; violent music with violent lyrics versus nonviolent music with non-violent lyrics,
t(49) = -6.19.
Hypothesis 4: Non-violent Music Effects on Negative-Valence Thoughts, Driving Anger,
and State Anger
The fourth hypothesis predicted that the number of negative-valence thoughts,
driving anger, and state anger would decrease for respondents while exposed to non-
violent music with non-violent lyrics when compared to being exposed to no music. A
paired t-test indicated that respondents reported more positive thoughts after listening to


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