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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 20 The regression analyses did not indicate valence thoughts as a significant predictor of driving anger in either music conditions with violent music. However, while participants were exposed to non-violent music with non-violent lyrics, negative valence thoughts interestingly served as a predictor of state anger. A standard multiple regression analysis indicated significance between the dependent variable (state anger) and the independent variable (negative valence thoughts and driving anger) within the condition, F(2, 47) = 3.62, p < .05, R 2 = .13. In terms of individual relationships between the independent variables and state anger, negative valence thoughts were a significant predictor (t = -2.3, p < .05, = -.31) but driving anger was not a significant (t = 1.59, p > .05, = .22) predictor of state anger. Research Question1: Trait Differences and Negative-Valence Thoughts, Driving Anger and State Anger This research question asked whether respondents, possessing high trait aggression, anger, hostility, impulsiveness, and venturesomeness, are affected differently (i.e., negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state anger) by the four conditions than respondents possessing low amounts of the aforementioned traits. A repeated measure within-subject MANOVA analyzed the interaction between the trait (i.e., trait anger) and reported level of anger (i.e., negative-valence thoughts) over the four conditions. A median split grouped respondents into high and low trait levels. Of the traits examined, only respondents levels of trait anger significantly influenced the number of negative-valence thoughts reached significance, Wilks = .31, F(3, 46) = 34.97, p < .05, eta 2 = .16. The Mauchly’s sphericity test was significant, therefore paired samples t- tests evaluated differences within the four conditions.

Authors: Quick, Brian.
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Violent Music
20
The regression analyses did not indicate valence thoughts as a significant
predictor of driving anger in either music conditions with violent music. However, while
participants were exposed to non-violent music with non-violent lyrics, negative valence
thoughts interestingly served as a predictor of state anger. A standard multiple regression
analysis indicated significance between the dependent variable (state anger) and the
independent variable (negative valence thoughts and driving anger) within the condition,
F(2, 47) = 3.62, p < .05, R
2
= .13. In terms of individual relationships between the
independent variables and state anger, negative valence thoughts were a significant
predictor (t = -2.3, p < .05, = -.31) but driving anger was not a significant (t = 1.59, p >
.05, = .22) predictor of state anger.
Research Question1: Trait Differences and Negative-Valence Thoughts, Driving Anger
and State Anger
This research question asked whether respondents, possessing high trait
aggression, anger, hostility, impulsiveness, and venturesomeness, are affected differently
(i.e., negative-valence thoughts, driving anger, and state anger) by the four conditions
than respondents possessing low amounts of the aforementioned traits. A repeated
measure within-subject MANOVA analyzed the interaction between the trait (i.e., trait
anger) and reported level of anger (i.e., negative-valence thoughts) over the four
conditions. A median split grouped respondents into high and low trait levels. Of the
traits examined, only respondents levels of trait anger significantly influenced the number
of negative-valence thoughts reached significance, Wilks = .31, F(3, 46) = 34.97, p <
.05, eta
2
= .16. The Mauchly’s sphericity test was significant, therefore paired samples t-
tests evaluated differences within the four conditions.


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