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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 21 High Trait Anger and Negative-Valence Thoughts. For participants with high trait anger (anger > 2.57), paired samples t-tests indicated significantly less negative-valence thoughts while individuals were exposed to non-violent music with non-violent lyrics (M = .27, SD = .48) when compared to no music (M = -.07, SD = .28), t(28) = -4.24, p < .001. Additionally, these participants’ negative-valence thoughts while exposed to non- violent music with non-violent lyrics significantly increased while they were exposed to violent music with no lyrics (M = -.22, SD = .54), t(28) = 3.32, p < .01, and violent music with violent lyrics (M = -.61, SD = .39), t(28) = 7.64, p < .001. Lastly, a significant difference emerged for participants with high trait anger while exposed to violent music with no lyrics when compared to violent music with violent lyrics, t(28) = 3.90, p = .001. Low Trait Anger and Negative-Valence Thoughts. For participants with low trait anger (anger < 2.57), paired samples t-tests indicated no significant difference in less negative-valence thoughts while individuals were exposed to non-violent music with non- violent lyrics (M = .04, SD = .49) when compared to no music (M = .33, SD = .29), t(20) = -.09, p > .05. Similar to the high trait angered participants, low-angered participants’ negative-valence thoughts experienced while exposed to non-violent music with non- violent lyrics significantly increased while exposed to violent music with no lyrics (M = - .37, SD = .40), t(20) = 3.47, p < .01, and violent music with violent lyrics (M = -.70, SD = .32), t(20) = 5.72, p < .001. Lastly, a significant difference emerged for participants with low trait anger while exposed to violent music with no lyrics when compared to violent music with violent lyrics, t(20) = 4.03, p = .001.

Authors: Quick, Brian.
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Violent Music
21
High Trait Anger and Negative-Valence Thoughts. For participants with high trait
anger (anger > 2.57), paired samples t-tests indicated significantly less negative-valence
thoughts while individuals were exposed to non-violent music with non-violent lyrics (M
= .27, SD = .48) when compared to no music (M = -.07, SD = .28), t(28) = -4.24, p <
.001. Additionally, these participants’ negative-valence thoughts while exposed to non-
violent music with non-violent lyrics significantly increased while they were exposed to
violent music with no lyrics (M = -.22, SD = .54), t(28) = 3.32, p < .01, and violent music
with violent lyrics (M = -.61, SD = .39), t(28) = 7.64, p < .001. Lastly, a significant
difference emerged for participants with high trait anger while exposed to violent music
with no lyrics when compared to violent music with violent lyrics, t(28) = 3.90, p = .001.
Low Trait Anger and Negative-Valence Thoughts. For participants with low trait
anger (anger < 2.57), paired samples t-tests indicated no significant difference in less
negative-valence thoughts while individuals were exposed to non-violent music with non-
violent lyrics (M = .04, SD = .49) when compared to no music (M = .33, SD = .29), t(20)
= -.09, p > .05. Similar to the high trait angered participants, low-angered participants’
negative-valence thoughts experienced while exposed to non-violent music with non-
violent lyrics significantly increased while exposed to violent music with no lyrics (M = -
.37, SD = .40), t(20) = 3.47, p < .01, and violent music with violent lyrics (M = -.70, SD =
.32), t(20) = 5.72, p < .001. Lastly, a significant difference emerged for participants with
low trait anger while exposed to violent music with no lyrics when compared to violent
music with violent lyrics, t(20) = 4.03, p = .001.


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