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A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 7 Higher order cognitive processing can enhance or suppress the action tendencies associated with one’s feelings. The more individuals analyze and replay an aversive event, the more they differentiate their feelings of anger and fear (Berkowitz, 1993). Supporting this claim, Berkowitz and Troccoli (1990) had university women listen to a job applicant talk about her self while respondents were either comfortable (arm resting on a table) or uncomfortable (arm extended). After this preceded for several minutes, a portion of the women rated their feelings, so that they were made aware of their feelings. The other women were given an equally extraneous task, but did not rate their feelings. Interestingly, the women who rated their feelings displayed the negative affect-hostility relationship. In other words, women who were placed to the uncomfortable condition expressed their anger toward the applicant whereas the women in the comfortable condition did not let their bad feelings affect their evaluation. Berkowitz’s model suggests that once an individual constructs an emotional perception, he or she will establish inhibitions against thoughts, action tendencies, and feelings that are incompatible with this formulated perception. For example, if a driver formulates a perception that he or she was deliberately mistreated as another driver purposely cut him or her off, this river will be reluctant to think of alternative reasons for the reckless driving act (e.g., running late for a meeting). Berkowitz (1993) suggests the consistency between belief/perception and subsequent behavior acts as a filter screening out those incompatible feelings, memories, and ideas. With a brief overview of Berkowitz’s (1993) cognitive neoassociationistic model next an examination of Jo and Berkowitz’s priming effects is provided with a rationale for how this theoretical perspective illuminates the short-term effects music has on cognition.

Authors: Quick, Brian.
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Violent Music
7
Higher order cognitive processing can enhance or suppress the action tendencies
associated with one’s feelings. The more individuals analyze and replay an aversive
event, the more they differentiate their feelings of anger and fear (Berkowitz, 1993).
Supporting this claim, Berkowitz and Troccoli (1990) had university women listen to a
job applicant talk about her self while respondents were either comfortable (arm resting
on a table) or uncomfortable (arm extended). After this preceded for several minutes, a
portion of the women rated their feelings, so that they were made aware of their feelings.
The other women were given an equally extraneous task, but did not rate their feelings.
Interestingly, the women who rated their feelings displayed the negative affect-hostility
relationship. In other words, women who were placed to the uncomfortable condition
expressed their anger toward the applicant whereas the women in the comfortable
condition did not let their bad feelings affect their evaluation.
Berkowitz’s model suggests that once an individual constructs an emotional
perception, he or she will establish inhibitions against thoughts, action tendencies, and
feelings that are incompatible with this formulated perception. For example, if a driver
formulates a perception that he or she was deliberately mistreated as another driver
purposely cut him or her off, this river will be reluctant to think of alternative reasons for
the reckless driving act (e.g., running late for a meeting). Berkowitz (1993) suggests the
consistency between belief/perception and subsequent behavior acts as a filter screening
out those incompatible feelings, memories, and ideas. With a brief overview of
Berkowitz’s (1993) cognitive neoassociationistic model next an examination of Jo and
Berkowitz’s priming effects is provided with a rationale for how this theoretical
perspective illuminates the short-term effects music has on cognition.


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