All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

A Longitudinal Study Examining The Priming Effects of Music on Driving Anger, State Anger, and Negative-Valence Thoughts
Unformatted Document Text:  Violent Music 9 perceptions of political leader performances (Iyengar & Kinder, 1987). Despite few communication studies examining the priming effects of music on cognition (e.g., Hansen & Hansen, 1990), several studies support a priming effect of aggression through the observation of violent content. Berkowitz (1990) suggests observations of aggressive related images or content evoke aggressive-related ideas. His results indicate that participants listening to hostile comedy demonstrated more critical rankings of applicants than those listening to non- hostile comedy. Given this finding, one can surmise individuals exposed to hostile music lyrics will result in more criticism towards others’ driving behaviors. Observing violent-related material evoked violent related-ideas and thoughts. Bushman and Geen (1990) exposed viewers to a 10-minute videotape ranging in content from highly violent to non-violent stimuli. After viewing, respondents recorded the thoughts they experienced while observing the tape. Bushman and Geen (1990) concluded that aggressive thoughts and violence ratings are positively associated with the level of observed violence. Their second study found that the most violent stimuli increased self-reported hostility and blood pressure (Bushman & Geen, 1990). Interestingly, participants who meditated about past aggressive behaviors reported more hostile feelings after viewing the violent videotape. Given these results, drivers listening to violent music while simultaneously ruminating over past aggressions will act more hostile than drivers not thinking about past aggressions. Several studies support mass media priming effects involving visual images (e.g., Berkowitz, 1970), but few examine other mediums.

Authors: Quick, Brian.
first   previous   Page 9 of 33   next   last



background image
Violent Music
9
perceptions of political leader performances (Iyengar & Kinder, 1987). Despite few
communication studies examining the priming effects of music on cognition (e.g.,
Hansen & Hansen, 1990), several studies support a priming effect of aggression through
the observation of violent content.
Berkowitz (1990) suggests observations of aggressive related images or content
evoke aggressive-related ideas. His results indicate that participants listening to hostile
comedy demonstrated more critical rankings of applicants than those listening to non-
hostile comedy. Given this finding, one can surmise individuals exposed to hostile music
lyrics will result in more criticism towards others’ driving behaviors.
Observing violent-related material evoked violent related-ideas and thoughts.
Bushman and Geen (1990) exposed viewers to a 10-minute videotape ranging in content
from highly violent to non-violent stimuli. After viewing, respondents recorded the
thoughts they experienced while observing the tape. Bushman and Geen (1990)
concluded that aggressive thoughts and violence ratings are positively associated with the
level of observed violence. Their second study found that the most violent stimuli
increased self-reported hostility and blood pressure (Bushman & Geen, 1990).
Interestingly, participants who meditated about past aggressive behaviors reported more
hostile feelings after viewing the violent videotape. Given these results, drivers listening
to violent music while simultaneously ruminating over past aggressions will act more
hostile than drivers not thinking about past aggressions. Several studies support mass
media priming effects involving visual images (e.g., Berkowitz, 1970), but few examine
other mediums.


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 9 of 33   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.