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A Mediational-Hierarchical Model of Sexual Aggression
Unformatted Document Text:  A Mediational-Hierarchical Model of Sexual Aggression Page 6 of 23 We developed the model by adding each component to the Confluence Model and testing the model at each step. The validity of the Confluence Model was established first in hierarchical regression analyses. Next, we examined the sexually explicit media interaction effects in ANOVA analyses. Structural equation modeling was also used to examine the Confluence Model and the pornography interaction. The revised “General Hostility” construct was added to the model in structural equation modeling, and mediational tests were performed to confirm the path of this construct to sexual aggression as mediated by the Hostile Masculinity construct. Method Participants A convenience sample of 102 male college students from an introductory psychology course at the University of California, Los Angeles completed the survey in fulfillment of course requirements. Participants were not debriefed, and there were no follow-up procedures. Measures The survey was entitled “Sociosexuality Survey” to lessen subject bias. The survey included 259 items total and covered 17 topics, 16 of which were a replication of topics from the Confluence Model, a 10-Year Follow Up Study (Malamuth et al., 1995). The Confluence Model, comprised of “Hostile Masculinity” and “Impersonal Sex,” was operationalized using the measures of HM and IS which were employed by Malamuth et al. (1995). Hostile Masculinity 1. Attitudes Supporting Violence Against Women: Burt (1980) theorized that certain attitudes play an important role in contributing to sexual aggression by acting as psychological releasers that turn off social prohibitions against injuring others. Two scales developed by Burt (1980) were used: a. Acceptance of Interpersonal Violence Scale for Males (AIV), 6 items. b. Rape Myth Acceptance Scale for Males (RMA), 5 items. 2. The Adversarial Sexual Beliefs Scale (ASB). The 10-item scale, (one item of which was not included in the original Confluence Model Survey, 1991, 1995) assesses the degree to which respondents perceive male and female relations to be adversarial. Responses are given on a seven-point scale. 3. Hostility Toward Women Scale, (HTW). The HTW scale is a 10-item instrument that assesses the respondent’s degree of hostility specifically toward women. This scale was derived by Lonsway and Fitzgerald (1995) from the 30-item Check, Malamuth, Elias, and Barton (1995) Hostility Toward Women Scale. 4. The Sexual Dominance Scale, (DOM). The Sexual Dominance scale is part of the more general Sexual Functions inventory (Nelson 1979) that asks respondents the degree to which various feelings and sensations are important to them as motives

Authors: vega, vanessa. and Malamuth, Neil.
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A Mediational-Hierarchical Model of Sexual Aggression
Page 6 of 23
We developed the model by adding each component to the Confluence Model and
testing the model at each step. The validity of the Confluence Model was established
first in hierarchical regression analyses. Next, we examined the sexually explicit media
interaction effects in ANOVA analyses. Structural equation modeling was also used to
examine the Confluence Model and the pornography interaction. The revised “General
Hostility” construct was added to the model in structural equation modeling, and
mediational tests were performed to confirm the path of this construct to sexual
aggression as mediated by the Hostile Masculinity construct.
Method
Participants

A convenience sample of 102 male college students from an introductory psychology
course at the University of California, Los Angeles completed the survey in fulfillment of
course requirements. Participants were not debriefed, and there were no follow-up
procedures.

Measures

The survey was entitled “Sociosexuality Survey” to lessen subject bias. The survey
included 259 items total and covered 17 topics, 16 of which were a replication of topics
from the Confluence Model, a 10-Year Follow Up Study (Malamuth et al., 1995).
The Confluence Model, comprised of “Hostile Masculinity” and “Impersonal Sex,” was
operationalized using the measures of HM and IS which were employed by Malamuth et
al. (1995).
Hostile Masculinity

1. Attitudes Supporting Violence Against Women: Burt (1980) theorized that certain
attitudes play an important role in contributing to sexual aggression by acting as
psychological releasers that turn off social prohibitions against injuring others.
Two scales developed by Burt (1980) were used:
a. Acceptance of Interpersonal Violence Scale for Males (AIV), 6 items.
b. Rape Myth Acceptance Scale for Males (RMA), 5 items.
2. The Adversarial Sexual Beliefs Scale (ASB). The 10-item scale, (one item of
which was not included in the original Confluence Model Survey, 1991, 1995)
assesses the degree to which respondents perceive male and female relations to be
adversarial. Responses are given on a seven-point scale.
3. Hostility Toward Women Scale, (HTW). The HTW scale is a 10-item instrument
that assesses the respondent’s degree of hostility specifically toward women. This
scale was derived by Lonsway and Fitzgerald (1995) from the 30-item Check,
Malamuth, Elias, and Barton (1995) Hostility Toward Women Scale.
4. The Sexual Dominance Scale, (DOM). The Sexual Dominance scale is part of the
more general Sexual Functions inventory (Nelson 1979) that asks respondents the
degree to which various feelings and sensations are important to them as motives


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