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A Mediational-Hierarchical Model of Sexual Aggression
Unformatted Document Text:  A Mediational-Hierarchical Model of Sexual Aggression Page 7 of 23 for sexual behavior. The subscale assessing dominance (8 items) refers to the degree by which feelings of control over one’s partner motivate sexuality (e.g. “I enjoy the conquest”). Responses were given on a 7-point scale. Impersonal Sex 1. Impersonal Sex (IS). The measurement of IS consists of the following two questions, which were developed to assess an individual’s personal or impersonal orientation towards sex (Malamuth et al., 1995). Two questions were rated on a five point scale ranging from “never” to “every day”: “How often do you become sexually stimulated when you see an attractive woman whom you do not know?” and “How often do you masturbate?” Although scores on these items have yielded low reliability estimates, (Malamuth et al. 1995 reported an alpha coefficient of 0.33), the construct is central to the model and IS scores nevertheless performed well in previous predictive analyses (Malamuth et al., 1995). 2. Sex Drive, (SD), 5 items. These assessments were included to distinguish higher sex drive from an impersonal sex orientation. One measure was developed by Snell and Papini (1989): “How often do you think about sex?” An item that focused on mutually consenting sex was taken from a scale developed by Greendlinger and Byrne (1987): “How often do you have mutually consenting intercourse with a woman?” 3. Delinquency (DQ), 4 items. The delinquency variable was composed of reports of childhood and early adolescent delinquent behavior. In keeping with Malamuth et al. (1995), this measure shows a strong relationship with early sex experience, which shows a strong relationship with sexual aggression, and sexual promiscuity. General Hostility 1. Males and Females Irritability Scale, (Caprara et al, 1985) 9 items. The irritability instrument was developed primarily for research on individual differences in reacting impulsively or rudely to slight provocations or disagreements, particularly the manifestation of impulsive aggression. Item examples include: “I am often in a bad mood,” “When I am right, I am right,” and “Sometimes I really want to pick a fight.” 2. Negative Masculinity Scale, 20 items. Bem’s (1974) scale measures self- centeredness relative to nurturance. Among men who display high orientation towards self, the link between the risk characteristics and sexual aggression is strong, (Malamuth et al, 1995). Item examples include: “I feel that ‘I’m the greatest’ and better than other people,” and “I am a self-centered person.” 3. Empathic Concern is a subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, (Davis, 1983). The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) consists of four 7-item subscales, each of which measures a separate aspect of the global concept of empathy. Only the Empathic Concern, (EC) subscale was deemed directly relevant in the present study. The empathic concern scale assesses feelings of warmth, compassion and

Authors: vega, vanessa. and Malamuth, Neil.
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A Mediational-Hierarchical Model of Sexual Aggression
Page 7 of 23
for sexual behavior. The subscale assessing dominance (8 items) refers to the
degree by which feelings of control over one’s partner motivate sexuality (e.g. “I
enjoy the conquest”). Responses were given on a 7-point scale.
Impersonal Sex

1. Impersonal Sex (IS). The measurement of IS consists of the following two
questions, which were developed to assess an individual’s personal or impersonal
orientation towards sex (Malamuth et al., 1995). Two questions were rated on a
five point scale ranging from “never” to “every day”: “How often do you become
sexually stimulated when you see an attractive woman whom you do not know?”
and “How often do you masturbate?” Although scores on these items have
yielded low reliability estimates, (Malamuth et al. 1995 reported an alpha
coefficient of 0.33), the construct is central to the model and IS scores
nevertheless performed well in previous predictive analyses (Malamuth et al.,
1995).
2. Sex Drive, (SD), 5 items. These assessments were included to distinguish higher
sex drive from an impersonal sex orientation. One measure was developed by
Snell and Papini (1989): “How often do you think about sex?” An item that
focused on mutually consenting sex was taken from a scale developed by
Greendlinger and Byrne (1987): “How often do you have mutually consenting
intercourse with a woman?”
3. Delinquency (DQ), 4 items. The delinquency variable was composed of reports
of childhood and early adolescent delinquent behavior. In keeping with
Malamuth et al. (1995), this measure shows a strong relationship with early sex
experience, which shows a strong relationship with sexual aggression, and sexual
promiscuity.
General Hostility

1. Males and Females Irritability Scale, (Caprara et al, 1985) 9 items. The
irritability instrument was developed primarily for research on individual
differences in reacting impulsively or rudely to slight provocations or
disagreements, particularly the manifestation of impulsive aggression. Item
examples include: “I am often in a bad mood,” “When I am right, I am right,” and
“Sometimes I really want to pick a fight.”
2. Negative Masculinity Scale, 20 items. Bem’s (1974) scale measures self-
centeredness relative to nurturance. Among men who display high orientation
towards self, the link between the risk characteristics and sexual aggression is
strong, (Malamuth et al, 1995). Item examples include: “I feel that ‘I’m the
greatest’ and better than other people,” and “I am a self-centered person.”
3. Empathic Concern is a subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, (Davis,
1983). The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) consists of four 7-item subscales,
each of which measures a separate aspect of the global concept of empathy. Only
the Empathic Concern, (EC) subscale was deemed directly relevant in the present
study. The empathic concern scale assesses feelings of warmth, compassion and


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