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Audience Perception of Framed Music during Times of War
Unformatted Document Text:  Music During Times of War 11 When analyzing the lyrics, I looked for the common themes as conveyed throughout the song; in this practice, I looked beyond the song title. Specifically, I looked to see if the main four themes (reminiscence, love, patriotism, and security/comfort) emerged through the words of popular songs. Although my two hypotheses focused on the framing of patriotism and security/comfort themes in popular music, I also sought to determine the other prominent themes. If these songs were not all patriotism or security/comfort themed, I wanted to understand their classification, and if these other themes actually shifted in popularity after the attacks. To aid in this song content analysis, a coding sheet was used to evaluate each song. This coding sheet investigated aspects of a song which would contribute to presentation of a theme – emotional appeal, symbol selection, word repetition, etc. When looking at Reminiscent songs, I looked for songs which triggered memory, or symbols pertaining to the formation of experience and memory. When looking at love songs, I looked for songs inspiring passion/excitement, lust/eagerness, and companionship/dedication – through symbols such as heroes, birds, or angels. When looking at patriotism songs, I looked for emotions relating to wartime, specific places, or loyalty and dedication to a particular place. When looking at security/comfort songs, I looked for emotions of safety created by family, created comfortable places, or protected scenes. This method of analyses allowed thorough comparison of the popular song content between the two wars. Intercoder reliability was high, at .90. Results In the first method of investigation, evaluating the song titles, I was able to make some judgments relative to my hypothesis. World War II Song Title Analysis In the analysis of World War II, 47 percent of the song titles fit primarily into the four major thematic areas: reminiscence, love, patriotism, and security/comfort. Overwhelmingly, the majority of the songs were framed with love and reminiscence themes. The shift in the number of popular songs each week is presented in Figure 1.

Authors: Graham, Erica.
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Music During Times of War 11
When analyzing the lyrics, I looked for the common themes as conveyed throughout the song; in
this practice, I looked beyond the song title. Specifically, I looked to see if the main four themes
(reminiscence, love, patriotism, and security/comfort) emerged through the words of popular songs.
Although my two hypotheses focused on the framing of patriotism and security/comfort themes in
popular music, I also sought to determine the other prominent themes. If these songs were not all
patriotism or security/comfort themed, I wanted to understand their classification, and if these other
themes actually shifted in popularity after the attacks.
To aid in this song content analysis, a coding sheet was used to evaluate each song. This coding
sheet investigated aspects of a song which would contribute to presentation of a theme – emotional
appeal, symbol selection, word repetition, etc. When looking at Reminiscent songs, I looked for songs
which triggered memory, or symbols pertaining to the formation of experience and memory. When
looking at love songs, I looked for songs inspiring passion/excitement, lust/eagerness, and
companionship/dedication – through symbols such as heroes, birds, or angels. When looking at
patriotism songs, I looked for emotions relating to wartime, specific places, or loyalty and dedication to a
particular place. When looking at security/comfort songs, I looked for emotions of safety created by
family, created comfortable places, or protected scenes. This method of analyses allowed thorough
comparison of the popular song content between the two wars. Intercoder reliability was high, at .90.
Results
In the first method of investigation, evaluating the song titles, I was able to make some judgments
relative to my hypothesis.
World War II Song Title Analysis
In the analysis of World War II, 47 percent of the song titles fit primarily into the four major
thematic areas: reminiscence, love, patriotism, and security/comfort. Overwhelmingly, the majority of
the songs were framed with love and reminiscence themes. The shift in the number of popular songs each
week is presented in Figure 1.


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