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Audience Perception of Framed Music during Times of War
Unformatted Document Text:  Music During Times of War 16 patriotism songs released, and these songs had some patriotism messages. However, during the year surrounding the War on Terror, the audience did not favor an increased amount of patriotism music. In this year, the audience did not prefer music framed with patriotism as did the popular music listeners of World War II. My second hypothesis posited that during wartime, the audience would prefer popular music framed with the themes of security and comfort. This hypothesis was not supported. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, there was not a particular emphasis on security/comfort songs in the same way that popular music with a Security/Comfort theme was preferred after the World Trade Center attacks. In actuality, during the six months before Pearl Harbor, the audience preferred about the same amount of security/comfort songs as the six months after the attack. However, in the period after the attack on the World Trade Center, the audience preferred an increased amount of popular music framed with a security/comfort theme. This security/comfort theme was not as popular during World War II. This might be due to the fact that during this era, group membership was higher, and citizen participation provided a sense of belonging, community, and comfort (Putnam, 2000). Therefore, the people did not seek security and comfort in their music, since this need was fulfilled in other aspects of their lives. Instead, the people living through World War II preferred music framed in terms of patriotism, a preference which reflected their civic engagement and political participation. The popular music reflected that citizens wanted to love, to reminisce about the “good ol’ days,” and also mobilize in support of America. Also, there may have just been more popular patriotism music available to listen to. In contrast to those Americans who experienced the attack on Pearl Harbor, Americans who experienced September 11 th preferred a message of comfort from popular music. In time surrounding September 11 th , Americans are less likely to obtain this sense of security from group membership, focusing instead on individual needs (Putnam, 2000). This individualism is prevalent in the current climate of politics in which many citizens are less likely to vote, to actively engage in a political party, or trust government officials (Bennett, 1998). A decline in civic participation may be related to American’s

Authors: Graham, Erica.
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Music During Times of War 16
patriotism songs released, and these songs had some patriotism messages. However, during the year
surrounding the War on Terror, the audience did not favor an increased amount of patriotism music. In
this year, the audience did not prefer music framed with patriotism as did the popular music listeners of
World War II.
My second hypothesis posited that during wartime, the audience would prefer popular music
framed with the themes of security and comfort. This hypothesis was not supported. After the attack on
Pearl Harbor, there was not a particular emphasis on security/comfort songs in the same way that popular
music with a Security/Comfort theme was preferred after the World Trade Center attacks. In actuality,
during the six months before Pearl Harbor, the audience preferred about the same amount of
security/comfort songs as the six months after the attack. However, in the period after the attack on the
World Trade Center, the audience preferred an increased amount of popular music framed with a
security/comfort theme.
This security/comfort theme was not as popular during World War II. This might be due to the
fact that during this era, group membership was higher, and citizen participation provided a sense of
belonging, community, and comfort (Putnam, 2000). Therefore, the people did not seek security and
comfort in their music, since this need was fulfilled in other aspects of their lives. Instead, the people
living through World War II preferred music framed in terms of patriotism, a preference which reflected
their civic engagement and political participation. The popular music reflected that citizens wanted to
love, to reminisce about the “good ol’ days,” and also mobilize in support of America. Also, there may
have just been more popular patriotism music available to listen to.
In contrast to those Americans who experienced the attack on Pearl Harbor, Americans who
experienced September 11
th
preferred a message of comfort from popular music. In time surrounding
September 11
th
, Americans are less likely to obtain this sense of security from group membership,
focusing instead on individual needs (Putnam, 2000). This individualism is prevalent in the current
climate of politics in which many citizens are less likely to vote, to actively engage in a political party, or
trust government officials (Bennett, 1998). A decline in civic participation may be related to American’s


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