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Audience Perception of Framed Music during Times of War
Unformatted Document Text:  Music During Times of War 2 Music as a Method of Political Communication Music is a substantial art form which can be used for various communications purposes. Music scholars such as Linton C. Freeman have indicated that song can serve not only as a means of recreation, but also as an “integrating element of society” which facilitates “social order” (Supicic, 1987, p. 275). This study is grounded in this second description of music, and acknowledges that an element of popular culture can also be viewed as political. Essentially, Freeman’s theory implies that music is among the most effective art forms to communicate both political and social messages. Or, as Tia DeNora (2001) notes: “music is much more than a decorative art; that it is a powerful medium of social order. Conceived in this way, and documented through empirical research, music’s presence is clearly political, in every sense that the political can be conceived” (p. 163). This lends directly to the concept of political music. Within political music, scholars have noted that the two main tasks are to encourage support of a movement, and to provide a unifying force for a movement (Dunaway, 1987, p. 40). This study is grounded in the latter of the two functions of political music: the ability for music to provide unifying force for a movement. When listeners hear a song, the audience members are exposed to the same lyrics, making them more likely to hear a similar message within a song. An audience may have stronger reliance on media in times of crisis (Ball-Rokeach, 1976), and this may transcend into their interpretation of music. However, presentation of a key theme, framed within a song, provides an increased possibility for a unified response from the audience. Therefore, the characteristics of political music also describe the necessary features for political communication. The Role of Music in Times of War Throughout life, citizens listen to music. From toiling over railroad construction, to the blues of the African Americans, to the songs of the Great Depression, music has allowed people a means to express their thoughts, beliefs, worries, and views on life (Supicic, 1987). Therefore, this study elaborates on the purpose of music, in an effort to see how war, and an attack on America, can impact

Authors: Graham, Erica.
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Music During Times of War 2
Music as a Method of Political Communication
Music is a substantial art form which can be used for various communications purposes. Music
scholars such as Linton C. Freeman have indicated that song can serve not only as a means of recreation,
but also as an “integrating element of society” which facilitates “social order” (Supicic, 1987, p. 275).
This study is grounded in this second description of music, and acknowledges that an element of popular
culture can also be viewed as political.
Essentially, Freeman’s theory implies that music is among the most effective art forms to
communicate both political and social messages. Or, as Tia DeNora (2001) notes: “music is much more
than a decorative art; that it is a powerful medium of social order. Conceived in this way, and
documented through empirical research, music’s presence is clearly political, in every sense that the
political can be conceived” (p. 163). This lends directly to the concept of political music. Within
political music, scholars have noted that the two main tasks are to encourage support of a movement, and
to provide a unifying force for a movement (Dunaway, 1987, p. 40). This study is grounded in the latter
of the two functions of political music: the ability for music to provide unifying force for a movement.
When listeners hear a song, the audience members are exposed to the same lyrics, making them more
likely to hear a similar message within a song. An audience may have stronger reliance on media in times
of crisis (Ball-Rokeach, 1976), and this may transcend into their interpretation of music. However,
presentation of a key theme, framed within a song, provides an increased possibility for a unified response
from the audience. Therefore, the characteristics of political music also describe the necessary features
for political communication.
The Role of Music in Times of War
Throughout life, citizens listen to music. From toiling over railroad construction, to the blues of
the African Americans, to the songs of the Great Depression, music has allowed people a means to
express their thoughts, beliefs, worries, and views on life (Supicic, 1987). Therefore, this study
elaborates on the purpose of music, in an effort to see how war, and an attack on America, can impact


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