All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Rebel Mystic: Toward a Theorization of the Aesthetic and Communicative Dimensions of Reggae and Dub
Unformatted Document Text:  16 democracy, 6 I will briefly discuss two factors that I consider to be important for establishing a democratic rule, the political process and external influence. Indeed, the political process itself could produce great leaders who could have a vision of a more equal or democratic society. The level of education and wealth in the United States was not very high and widely distributed in 1789; the idea of political freedom in the U.S. at the time was possible only because of visionary leaders like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Democratic rule could be established in a given country when, at a minimum, political activists and leaders believe that it is a good form of political system (Dahl, R., 1971; Huntington, S., 1991). Political leaders, even when they are not predisposed to democracy, could indirectly, through economic development, influence democracy; for instance, several authoritarian leaders in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan had promoted economic development before these countries became democratic. Indeed, even the traditional elite of most West European countries seemed to have had a culture that cherished the value of education (scientific and technological advancement), private enterprise or market-based economy, and trade. Such values (and policies) were perhaps the preconditions for the eventual democratization of Western Europe. Thus, it seems clear that the political process can facilitate the wellbeing of both the economic and political systems. On the contrary, underdevelopment and authoritarianism in regions like Africa may be partly explained by the presence of poor leadership. Misuse and mismanagement of national resources is very common in Africa. Moreover, several corrupt leaders like Mobutu of Zaire seem to have enriched themselves at the expense of the well being of their fellow citizens. Thus, political leaders could accelerate, 6 These include cultural pluralism, Protestantism, and World-System Status. However, the impact of these variables on democracy is not consistently significant across studies (see Burkhart, R. and M. Lewis-Beck,

Authors: Tracy, James.
first   previous   Page 16 of 54   next   last



background image
16
democracy,
6
I will briefly discuss two factors that I consider to be important for
establishing a democratic rule, the political process and external influence. Indeed, the
political process itself could produce great leaders who could have a vision of a more
equal or democratic society. The level of education and wealth in the United States was
not very high and widely distributed in 1789; the idea of political freedom in the U.S. at
the time was possible only because of visionary leaders like Thomas Jefferson and James
Madison. Democratic rule could be established in a given country when, at a minimum,
political activists and leaders believe that it is a good form of political system (Dahl, R.,
1971; Huntington, S., 1991). Political leaders, even when they are not predisposed to
democracy, could indirectly, through economic development, influence democracy; for
instance, several authoritarian leaders in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan had promoted
economic development before these countries became democratic. Indeed, even the
traditional elite of most West European countries seemed to have had a culture that
cherished the value of education (scientific and technological advancement), private
enterprise or market-based economy, and trade. Such values (and policies) were perhaps
the preconditions for the eventual democratization of Western Europe. Thus, it seems
clear that the political process can facilitate the wellbeing of both the economic and
political systems. On the contrary, underdevelopment and authoritarianism in regions
like Africa may be partly explained by the presence of poor leadership. Misuse and
mismanagement of national resources is very common in Africa. Moreover, several
corrupt leaders like Mobutu of Zaire seem to have enriched themselves at the expense of
the well being of their fellow citizens. Thus, political leaders could accelerate,
6
These include cultural pluralism, Protestantism, and World-System Status. However, the impact of these
variables on democracy is not consistently significant across studies (see Burkhart, R. and M. Lewis-Beck,


Convention
All Academic Convention makes running your annual conference simple and cost effective. It is your online solution for abstract management, peer review, and scheduling for your annual meeting or convention.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 16 of 54   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.