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Rebel Mystic: Toward a Theorization of the Aesthetic and Communicative Dimensions of Reggae and Dub
Unformatted Document Text:  18 Japan and Germany after WWII were also of foreign, mainly U.S., imposition. Lastly, since the end of the Cold War, several countries around the world have established democratic rule. The collapse of former communist countries in Europe and the former Soviet Union seemed to have a snowballing effect on other regions. In Africa, for instance, countries such as Benin, Cape Verde, and Zambia have established democratic rule. Thus, external factors seem to influence democratic transitions. However, once again the chances of democratic sustainability are likely to be higher when democracy is established in a relatively developed country. Democracy has been well functioning in Japan and Germany since both countries were economically developed at the time they established their democratic constitutions. On the other hand, because democracy was established in the majority of economically poor African countries at independence since the late 1950s, most of these democratic regimes reverted to authoritarian systems. In general, one may assume that the chances of democracies in relatively poorer countries will be higher if the economic conditions in these countries are constantly improving. Democratic Development after Transition Now, assuming that democratic rule is established under normal economic conditions (say, in middle level developed countries), what would the relationship between economic development and democracy look like after transition? The importance of economic development for democratic rule after transition, commonly known as democratic consolidation or stability, has been empirically supported (See Inglehart, R., 1997; Przeworski, A. and F. Limongi, 1997 for instance). To Przeworski and Limongi (1997), the effect of economic development on democratic survival or stability is even more valid and stronger than its impact on transition to democracy. Here is one of the

Authors: Tracy, James.
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Japan and Germany after WWII were also of foreign, mainly U.S., imposition. Lastly,
since the end of the Cold War, several countries around the world have established
democratic rule. The collapse of former communist countries in Europe and the former
Soviet Union seemed to have a snowballing effect on other regions. In Africa, for
instance, countries such as Benin, Cape Verde, and Zambia have established democratic
rule. Thus, external factors seem to influence democratic transitions. However, once
again the chances of democratic sustainability are likely to be higher when democracy is
established in a relatively developed country. Democracy has been well functioning in
Japan and Germany since both countries were economically developed at the time they
established their democratic constitutions. On the other hand, because democracy was
established in the majority of economically poor African countries at independence since
the late 1950s, most of these democratic regimes reverted to authoritarian systems. In
general, one may assume that the chances of democracies in relatively poorer countries
will be higher if the economic conditions in these countries are constantly improving.

Democratic Development after Transition
Now, assuming that democratic rule is established under normal economic conditions
(say, in middle level developed countries), what would the relationship between
economic development and democracy look like after transition? The importance of
economic development for democratic rule after transition, commonly known as
democratic consolidation or stability, has been empirically supported (See Inglehart, R.,
1997; Przeworski, A. and F. Limongi, 1997 for instance). To Przeworski and Limongi
(1997), the effect of economic development on democratic survival or stability is even
more valid and stronger than its impact on transition to democracy. Here is one of the


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