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Rebel Mystic: Toward a Theorization of the Aesthetic and Communicative Dimensions of Reggae and Dub
Unformatted Document Text:  20 conditions. Moreover, as it will become clear later on, I will argue that democratic development is an infinite process; Dahl does not. In sum, democracy keeps evolving after transition. 8 The main reason for the continuous evolution of democracy after transition is continuous economic development. It is interesting to note that there exist mathematical or statistical evidence that supports an infinite relationship between economic development and democracy. In his cross- national study, Jackman (1973) has found that the relationship between economic development and democracy is log-linear. A positively increasing log-linear function describes an infinitely continuous, albeit diminishing, relationship between certain variables. Jackman did not recognize the mathematical insight and prediction that his finding implied, that the relationship between economic development and democracy is perhaps an infinite process. This is because perhaps he defined (and measured) democracy statically, with an upper limit, not dynamically without limit. Thus, it was argued that the impact of economic development on democracy diminishes once democratic transition is established (See also Neubauer, D., 1967). On the contrary, once democratic transition is achieved, it seems that, over time, an increasingly larger level of economic development is required, at least until normal democracy is achieved, to influence a small degree of democratic development. More specifically, economic development would enlarge the size, income, and knowledge of the middle class. Higher 8 It should be noted, however, that democratic development after transition moves so slow that it seems merely stabilizing where in fact it is also evolving. A very loose analogy of this may be the revolution of the earth around the sun (or the rotation of the earth on its axis). Although the earth travels around the sun (and spins around its axis) all the time, we who live on earth feel that it is a stationary object. However, we feel the earth is stationary not because it moves slowly (its orbital velocity is 29.79 km/s and its rotational period is 24 hours) but due to its constant velocity. In contrast, because democratic evolution after transition moves very slowly, the study of democratic stability, political socialization and culture will continue to be important in political science. In short, political life is about both continuity (or stability) and change.

Authors: Tracy, James.
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20
conditions. Moreover, as it will become clear later on, I will argue that democratic
development is an infinite process; Dahl does not.
In sum, democracy keeps evolving after transition.
8
The main reason for the
continuous evolution of democracy after transition is continuous economic development.
It is interesting to note that there exist mathematical or statistical evidence that supports
an infinite relationship between economic development and democracy. In his cross-
national study, Jackman (1973) has found that the relationship between economic
development and democracy is log-linear. A positively increasing log-linear function
describes an infinitely continuous, albeit diminishing, relationship between certain
variables. Jackman did not recognize the mathematical insight and prediction that his
finding implied, that the relationship between economic development and democracy is
perhaps an infinite process. This is because perhaps he defined (and measured)
democracy statically, with an upper limit, not dynamically without limit. Thus, it was
argued that the impact of economic development on democracy diminishes once
democratic transition is established (See also Neubauer, D., 1967). On the contrary,
once democratic transition is achieved, it seems that, over time, an increasingly larger
level of economic development is required, at least until normal democracy is achieved,
to influence a small degree of democratic development. More specifically, economic
development would enlarge the size, income, and knowledge of the middle class. Higher
8
It should be noted, however, that democratic development after transition moves so slow that it seems
merely stabilizing where in fact it is also evolving. A very loose analogy of this may be the revolution of
the earth around the sun (or the rotation of the earth on its axis). Although the earth travels around the sun
(and spins around its axis) all the time, we who live on earth feel that it is a stationary object. However, we
feel the earth is stationary not because it moves slowly (its orbital velocity is 29.79 km/s and its rotational
period is 24 hours) but due to its constant velocity. In contrast, because democratic evolution after
transition moves very slowly, the study of democratic stability, political socialization and culture will
continue to be important in political science. In short, political life is about both continuity (or stability) and
change.


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