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Rebel Mystic: Toward a Theorization of the Aesthetic and Communicative Dimensions of Reggae and Dub
Unformatted Document Text:  23 scholars seem to misunderstand that the main assumption of modernization theory is that economics, politics, and other social systems trend together over time (See also Inglehart, R., 1997 for instance). 10 It does not follow that the explanatory power or task of modernization theory stops at democratic transition. Yet, although economic development is perhaps the strongest variable that affects democratic development after transition to democracy, it may not necessarily be the only one. I will briefly discuss two additional variables (although they may not be the only ones) that I assume will have some effect on democratic development: the political process and external factors. The political process before and after transition to democratic rule is not necessarily the same. Before democratic rule is established, the main concerns of society may be the achievement of equal political rights and the passage of laws that prohibit arbitrary barriers to one’s socioeconomic wellbeing. After democratic rule is established, the basic political and socioeconomic rights would be addressed and issues will tend to stress the problems related to the distribution of income and power among citizens. Democratic politics after transition also has several players in the political process or market. These include, trade unions, business groups, political parties, government bureaucracies, numerous other interest groups, and independent citizens. Politics is not just about the economic and political life of citizens or groups, however; it is also about social causes like gun control, the environment, and pro-choice 10 Following Max Weber (1958), Inglehart (1997) argues that culture varies along with economics and politics. More specifically, Weber argued that Protestantism facilitates the relationship between capitalism and democracy. Although Weber statement is valid that the first democratic countries like the U. S., Great Britain and Scandinavian nations were predominantly Protestants, other Christian denominations and religious groups like Catholics, Jewish, and Hindu have also become democratic (Tiruneh, G., 2001). Moreover, there is no good reason to assume that even the less democratic Islamic countries of today would not eventually become democratic. However, although religion may not have a lasting or permanent effect, it still could delay (or facilitate) the chances of democracy in a given country or region. On the other hand,

Authors: Tracy, James.
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23
scholars seem to misunderstand that the main assumption of modernization theory is that
economics, politics, and other social systems trend together over time (See also Inglehart,
R., 1997 for instance).
10
It does not follow that the explanatory power or task of
modernization theory stops at democratic transition.
Yet, although economic development is perhaps the strongest variable that affects
democratic development after transition to democracy, it may not necessarily be the only
one. I will briefly discuss two additional variables (although they may not be the only
ones) that I assume will have some effect on democratic development: the political
process and external factors. The political process before and after transition to
democratic rule is not necessarily the same. Before democratic rule is established, the
main concerns of society may be the achievement of equal political rights and the passage
of laws that prohibit arbitrary barriers to one’s socioeconomic wellbeing. After
democratic rule is established, the basic political and socioeconomic rights would be
addressed and issues will tend to stress the problems related to the distribution of income
and power among citizens. Democratic politics after transition also has several players
in the political process or market. These include, trade unions, business groups, political
parties, government bureaucracies, numerous other interest groups, and independent
citizens. Politics is not just about the economic and political life of citizens or groups,
however; it is also about social causes like gun control, the environment, and pro-choice
10
Following Max Weber (1958), Inglehart (1997) argues that culture varies along with economics and
politics. More specifically, Weber argued that Protestantism facilitates the relationship between capitalism
and democracy. Although Weber statement is valid that the first democratic countries like the U. S., Great
Britain and Scandinavian nations were predominantly Protestants, other Christian denominations and
religious groups like Catholics, Jewish, and Hindu have also become democratic (Tiruneh, G., 2001).
Moreover, there is no good reason to assume that even the less democratic Islamic countries of today would
not eventually become democratic. However, although religion may not have a lasting or permanent effect,
it still could delay (or facilitate) the chances of democracy in a given country or region. On the other hand,


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