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Rebel Mystic: Toward a Theorization of the Aesthetic and Communicative Dimensions of Reggae and Dub
Unformatted Document Text:  27 In sum, democracy, propelled mainly by economic development and facilitated by the political process and external influence, continues to evolve after transition to democracy is achieved. Goals of Democratic Development: the Ideal and the Achievable The insight that political systems change over time, mainly because of economic forces, is due to Karl Marx. According to Marx, political systems from slavery to feudalism to capitalism and to communism evolve because of class struggle or war that the economic forces create in each system. For instance, in the slavery system, it was a war between the slaves against the slave owners; in the feudal system it was the bourgeois, the workers, and the serfs against the landed aristocracy; in the capitalist system, it is the workers against the capital owners. Capitalism eventually would give way to his ideal political system, communism, which would bring about an egalitarian, classless society. However, two conditions have made Marx’s prediction of communism unlikely. First, the early capitalist system that Marx knew, which was harsh in the sense that wages were too low and working conditions were bad, has changed. The capitalist system has given way to demands of workers for better pay, for safer working conditions, and less working hours. Second, thanks to the continuous economic development, it is not the working class that has become the most numerous group but rather the middle class. Marx did not anticipate the emergence of a wealthy and numerous middle class, which tends to have moderate political values. Thus, political development seems to undergo a process that is different from what Marx anticipated and predicted. The political dynamics has been an evolutionary process, not a revolutionary

Authors: Tracy, James.
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In sum, democracy, propelled mainly by economic development and facilitated by the
political process and external influence, continues to evolve after transition to democracy
is achieved.
Goals of Democratic Development: the Ideal and the Achievable
The insight that political systems change over time, mainly because of economic
forces, is due to Karl Marx. According to Marx, political systems from slavery to
feudalism to capitalism and to communism evolve because of class struggle or war that
the economic forces create in each system. For instance, in the slavery system, it was a
war between the slaves against the slave owners; in the feudal system it was the
bourgeois, the workers, and the serfs against the landed aristocracy; in the capitalist
system, it is the workers against the capital owners. Capitalism eventually would give
way to his ideal political system, communism, which would bring about an egalitarian,
classless society. However, two conditions have made Marx’s prediction of
communism unlikely. First, the early capitalist system that Marx knew, which was harsh
in the sense that wages were too low and working conditions were bad, has changed. The
capitalist system has given way to demands of workers for better pay, for safer working
conditions, and less working hours. Second, thanks to the continuous economic
development, it is not the working class that has become the most numerous group but
rather the middle class. Marx did not anticipate the emergence of a wealthy and
numerous middle class, which tends to have moderate political values. Thus, political
development seems to undergo a process that is different from what Marx anticipated and
predicted. The political dynamics has been an evolutionary process, not a revolutionary


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