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Rebel Mystic: Toward a Theorization of the Aesthetic and Communicative Dimensions of Reggae and Dub
Unformatted Document Text:  31 be achievable. I have called such a system normal democracy. A normal democratic system is hypothesized as a system in which the distribution of power among citizens of a given society will be normally distributed. Similar to the normal distribution of power, the level of income would also be normally distributed. But why normal democracy? My prediction of normal democracy is based partly on the three assumptions I have made. First, if economic development continues to grow indefinitely, it is also likely that the size or income of the middle class would grow substantially. The income distribution in today’s established democracies is skewed toward the upper class, the median being farther to the left than the mean is (See Fig. 1 in Appendix A). This skewed distribution will likely give way to a normal distribution as the income distribution among citizens, due to continuous growth of the economy, continues to narrow. This also means that the level of income of the upper class citizens would continue to fall. According to Kuznets (1955: 8-11), there could be three reasons for the downward trend of the income of the upper class. First, the service-based income would disperse economic benefits to groups other than the upper class. Second, the upper class will likely face new entrepreneurs from lower income groups [mainly from the middle class], which is produced by the dynamic economy. Third, public laws like inheritance taxes would discourage the concentration of savings in the hands of the upper class. If so, this also means that the income of the lower class will, due to its relative level of education and training, move up and its size will, by the symmetry of the normal curve, be equal to the size of the upper class. 15 Second, if the economic system is based on private enterprise, it is likely to 15 While the size of the lower class and the upper class would be equal at normal democracy, the size of their incomes would not. Imagine that we have two normal curves, one showing the distribution of classes and the other the distribution of their incomes. In the normal curve that shows the size distribution of classes, we may see the following hypothetical observation; 15.87%, 68.26%, 15.87% representing the size

Authors: Tracy, James.
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31
be achievable. I have called such a system normal democracy. A normal democratic
system is hypothesized as a system in which the distribution of power among citizens of a
given society will be normally distributed. Similar to the normal distribution of power,
the level of income would also be normally distributed. But why normal democracy?
My prediction of normal democracy is based partly on the three assumptions I have
made. First, if economic development continues to grow indefinitely, it is also likely that
the size or income of the middle class would grow substantially. The income distribution
in today’s established democracies is skewed toward the upper class, the median being
farther to the left than the mean is (See Fig. 1 in Appendix A). This skewed distribution
will likely give way to a normal distribution as the income distribution among citizens,
due to continuous growth of the economy, continues to narrow. This also means that the
level of income of the upper class citizens would continue to fall. According to Kuznets
(1955: 8-11), there could be three reasons for the downward trend of the income of the
upper class. First, the service-based income would disperse economic benefits to groups
other than the upper class. Second, the upper class will likely face new entrepreneurs
from lower income groups [mainly from the middle class], which is produced by the
dynamic economy. Third, public laws like inheritance taxes would discourage the
concentration of savings in the hands of the upper class. If so, this also means that the
income of the lower class will, due to its relative level of education and training, move up
and its size will, by the symmetry of the normal curve, be equal to the size of the upper
class.
15
Second, if the economic system is based on private enterprise, it is likely to
15
While the size of the lower class and the upper class would be equal at normal democracy, the size of
their incomes would not. Imagine that we have two normal curves, one showing the distribution of classes
and the other the distribution of their incomes. In the normal curve that shows the size distribution of
classes, we may see the following hypothetical observation; 15.87%, 68.26%, 15.87% representing the size


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