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Rebel Mystic: Toward a Theorization of the Aesthetic and Communicative Dimensions of Reggae and Dub
Unformatted Document Text:  9 political stability. He suggested that a large middle class would lead to a more stable political system. Harrington, the seventeenth century British philosopher, also assumed that a wide distribution of property or land leads to a popular form of government (See Sabine, G. and T. Thorson, 1973). In addition, Karl Marx argued that the type of economy is the determinant of the type of political system that is possible in a given country. For instance, a land-based or agrarian economy leads to a feudal political system; and a capital-based economy leads to a bourgeois democratic system. More recently, Barrington Moore (1966) has suggested that the emergence of the bourgeois has led to the advent of democratic rule in Western countries. Moreover, Seymour Martin Lipset (1959) has found an empirical relationship between economic development and democracy. He specifically stresses the importance of education and wealth. Education helps individuals to make rational electoral decisions. Wealth enlarges the size of the middle class. Lipset also, following Tocqueville, argues that wealth helps the creation of intermediary associations, which would serve as a check on the power of political leaders. Cross-national analyses by Jackman (1973), Bollen (1979), Burkhart and Lewis- Beck (1994), Barro (1997), and others provide strong evidence of the impact of economic development on democracy. These findings, if correct, also provide evidence for the validity of modernization theory. Indeed, the most important effect of economic development on democracy seems to be that it provides citizens with economic resources that could be used to achieve political resources. The middle class, enlarged mainly by economic development, would utilize its advantage in income and size to influence public policy, elect political leaders, and run for public office. Aristotle saw, as some of his contemporaries and predecessors did, the

Authors: Tracy, James.
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political stability. He suggested that a large middle class would lead to a more stable
political system. Harrington, the seventeenth century British philosopher, also assumed
that a wide distribution of property or land leads to a popular form of government (See
Sabine, G. and T. Thorson, 1973). In addition, Karl Marx argued that the type of
economy is the determinant of the type of political system that is possible in a given
country. For instance, a land-based or agrarian economy leads to a feudal political
system; and a capital-based economy leads to a bourgeois democratic system. More
recently, Barrington Moore (1966) has suggested that the emergence of the bourgeois has
led to the advent of democratic rule in Western countries. Moreover, Seymour Martin
Lipset (1959) has found an empirical relationship between economic development and
democracy. He specifically stresses the importance of education and wealth. Education
helps individuals to make rational electoral decisions. Wealth enlarges the size of the
middle class. Lipset also, following Tocqueville, argues that wealth helps the creation of
intermediary associations, which would serve as a check on the power of political
leaders. Cross-national analyses by Jackman (1973), Bollen (1979), Burkhart and Lewis-
Beck (1994), Barro (1997), and others provide strong evidence of the impact of economic
development on democracy. These findings, if correct, also provide evidence for the
validity of modernization theory.
Indeed, the most important effect of economic development on democracy seems to be
that it provides citizens with economic resources that could be used to achieve political
resources. The middle class, enlarged mainly by economic development, would utilize its
advantage in income and size to influence public policy, elect political leaders, and run
for public office. Aristotle saw, as some of his contemporaries and predecessors did, the


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