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A Structural Equation Model of Support for English-only Policies and Social Limitation of Immigrants and Minorities
Unformatted Document Text:  Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 11 b. Among Anglo-Americans, perceptions of relative vitality will be negatively related to support for social limitation for immigrants and minorities. Also, based on previous findings: H 2 : Language group identity will be positively related to support for English only policies. Miller (2000) contends that "What seems inescapable is the understanding that our identities are shaped by and through our use of language. And so the question of which language is in use is an important one in the identity stakes" (p. 74). Therefore, if the gap between Anglo-American group vitality and Latino group vitality is perceived to be growing smaller then it is logical to expect that this may relate to ingroup allegiance in terms of language. Therefore, the third hypothesis posits: H 3 : Perceptions about relative vitality will negatively covary with language group identity. The Landry and Bourhis (1997) findings indicated that a minority language in the mass media (e.g., television, radio, magazines, music) loaded onto the linguistic landscape factor in addition to signs/symbols in the community. And therefore, ----------- -- (in press) incorporated mass media into their Spanish in the linguistic landscape measure. However, Landry and Bourhis (1997) found that a minority language in the mass media also loaded as a distinct factor in their study. Therefore the following hypothesis is posited: H 4 : a. The level of Spanish in the mass media will be negatively related to support for English-only policies. b. The level of Spanish in the mass media will be negatively related to support for social limitation of immigrants and minorities.

Authors: Barker, Valerie. and Giles, Howard.
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Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 11
b. Among Anglo-Americans, perceptions of relative vitality will be negatively
related to support for social limitation for immigrants and minorities.
Also, based on previous findings:
H
2
:
Language group identity will be positively related to support for English only
policies.
Miller (2000) contends that "What seems inescapable is the understanding that
our identities are shaped by and through our use of language. And so the question of
which language is in use is an important one in the identity stakes" (p. 74). Therefore, if
the gap between Anglo-American group vitality and Latino group vitality is perceived to
be growing smaller then it is logical to expect that this may relate to ingroup allegiance
in terms of language. Therefore, the third hypothesis posits:
H
3
:
Perceptions about relative vitality will negatively covary with language group
identity.
The Landry and Bourhis (1997) findings indicated that a minority language in the
mass media (e.g., television, radio, magazines, music) loaded onto the linguistic
landscape factor in addition to signs/symbols in the community. And therefore, -----------
-- (in press) incorporated mass media into their Spanish in the linguistic landscape
measure. However, Landry and Bourhis (1997) found that a minority language in the
mass media also loaded as a distinct factor in their study. Therefore the following
hypothesis is posited:
H
4
: a. The level of Spanish in the mass media will be negatively related to support for
English-only policies.
b. The level of Spanish in the mass media will be negatively related to support for
social limitation of immigrants and minorities.


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