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A Structural Equation Model of Support for English-only Policies and Social Limitation of Immigrants and Minorities
Unformatted Document Text:  Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 14 analysis, items had to show internal reliability and/or also load on one factor in the factor analysis. The English-only index. This index contained a battery of 7 questions measuring beliefs about the current status of the English language, beliefs about immigrants learning English, and support for English-only. The score from these summed items was used to assess participants’ beliefs about English and support for English-only policies. The rationale for retaining items is detailed in the description of the data analysis. Social limitation index. Five items assessed support for affirmative action, immigration control, limitation of health, education, welfare services to immigrants, and immigrants’ rights and responsibilities. The summed score was intended to assess participants’ beliefs about social limitations on immigrants and minorities. Perceptions of group vitality. To measure subjective vitality, an abbreviated version of the subjective vitality questionnaire (Bourhis, Giles, & Rosenthal, 1981) was used. These items comprise measures of the three components of vitality - demography, status and control, and institutional support. However, the number of items included were weighed against concern for response rate, given the length of the total questionnaire. Participants answered questions relating to perceived Anglo (4 items) and Latino (4 items) economic and political status, power, and wealth. These items pertaining to perceived group vitality were summed to construct a composite score for each participant forming vitality indices for both Latinos and Anglo-Americans (to compare perceived levels of same). The outcome was a unidimensional measure of group vitality.

Authors: Barker, Valerie. and Giles, Howard.
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Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 14
analysis, items had to show internal reliability and/or also load on one factor in the factor
analysis.
The English-only index. This index contained a battery of 7 questions measuring
beliefs about the current status of the English language, beliefs about immigrants
learning English, and support for English-only. The score from these summed items was
used to assess participants’ beliefs about English and support for English-only policies.
The rationale for retaining items is detailed in the description of the data analysis.
Social limitation index. Five items assessed support for affirmative action,
immigration control, limitation of health, education, welfare services to immigrants, and
immigrants’ rights and responsibilities. The summed score was intended to assess
participants’ beliefs about social limitations on immigrants and minorities.
Perceptions of group vitality. To measure subjective vitality, an abbreviated
version of the subjective vitality questionnaire (Bourhis, Giles, & Rosenthal, 1981) was
used. These items comprise measures of the three components of vitality -
demography, status and control, and institutional support. However, the number of
items included were weighed against concern for response rate, given the length of the
total questionnaire. Participants answered questions relating to perceived Anglo (4
items) and Latino (4 items) economic and political status, power, and wealth. These
items pertaining to perceived group vitality were summed to construct a composite
score for each participant forming vitality indices for both Latinos and Anglo-Americans
(to compare perceived levels of same). The outcome was a unidimensional measure of
group vitality.


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