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A Structural Equation Model of Support for English-only Policies and Social Limitation of Immigrants and Minorities
Unformatted Document Text:  Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 19 Discussion The findings indicated that, among Anglo-Americans, perceptions of a decreasing gap between Anglo group vitality and Latino group vitality is related to support for social limitation of immigrants and minorities. Additionally, high language group identity was associated with support for English-only policies, but not with support for social limitation of immigrants and minorities. Spanish language media were associated with low support for English-only policies, but their presence was not associated with support for social limitation. As expected, relative vitality and language group identity were covariants. While the path from support for social limitation was statistically significant, the non-significant path from support for English-only policies to support for social limitation in the model indicates that support for English-only is really one facet of support for social limitation of immigrants and minorities. The negative finding concerning the incidence of Spanish in media is, perhaps, the most potentially "optimistic" finding. It may be that contact with Spanish in the mass media makes it appear less "threatening" to Anglo-Americans. As Spanish language media appear to be on the increase (Barker et al., 2001), this may bode well for intergroup relations. However, social psychological research investigating the theory that contact breeds tolerance shows that it takes more than just contact between social groups. Other necessary factors are interdependence, common goals, equal status, encouragement by authorities, and maintenance of group salience (e.g., Brown, 2000, Fox & Giles, 1993; Hewstone & Brown, 1986; Pettigrew, 1988). As mentioned earlier, the instrument did not ask about change. The items simply asked for perceptions regarding the status-quo in the linguistic landscape. If perceptions

Authors: Barker, Valerie. and Giles, Howard.
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Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 19
Discussion
The findings indicated that, among Anglo-Americans, perceptions of a
decreasing gap between Anglo group vitality and Latino group vitality is related to
support for social limitation of immigrants and minorities. Additionally, high language
group identity was associated with support for English-only policies, but not with support
for social limitation of immigrants and minorities. Spanish language media were
associated with low support for English-only policies, but their presence was not
associated with support for social limitation. As expected, relative vitality and language
group identity were covariants. While the path from support for social limitation was
statistically significant, the non-significant path from support for English-only policies to
support for social limitation in the model indicates that support for English-only is really
one facet of support for social limitation of immigrants and minorities.
The negative finding concerning the incidence of Spanish in media is, perhaps,
the most potentially "optimistic" finding. It may be that contact with Spanish in the mass
media makes it appear less "threatening" to Anglo-Americans. As Spanish language
media appear to be on the increase (Barker et al., 2001), this may bode well for
intergroup relations. However, social psychological research investigating the theory
that contact breeds tolerance shows that it takes more than just contact between social
groups. Other necessary factors are interdependence, common goals, equal status,
encouragement by authorities, and maintenance of group salience (e.g., Brown, 2000,
Fox & Giles, 1993; Hewstone & Brown, 1986; Pettigrew, 1988).
As mentioned earlier, the instrument did not ask about change. The items simply
asked for perceptions regarding the status-quo in the linguistic landscape. If perceptions


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