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A Structural Equation Model of Support for English-only Policies and Social Limitation of Immigrants and Minorities
Unformatted Document Text:  Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 9 Spanish in the linguistic landscape were less likely to support English-only policies. This was counter to expectations. The authors speculated that this might have been an artifact of the research because they asked about perceptions of current levels of Spanish in the linguistic landscape rather than perceptions of change in the level of Spanish in the linguistic landscape. Alternatively, it may have been that those participants living in an area with high levels of Spanish in the linguistic landscape were more tolerant of other language use. The Study In the original research, a telephone survey (n = 389) examined Anglo- Americans’ subjective perceptions of their own and Latino group members’ vitality in Santa Barbara, California where a significant proportion of the population speaks Spanish. Recent census data revealed that 30% of the Santa Barbara population are Spanish speakers (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000a). One goal of the study was to determine if perceptions about both Anglo-American and Latino group vitality were related to support for English-only policies and social limitation on immigrants and minorities (e.g., tighter immigration controls, an end to affirmative action, or denial of social and health services to illegal immigrants). For comparison, relevant demographic data for Santa Barbara, California and the U.S. are summarized in Table 1. TABLE 1 ABOUT HERE Six predictors of support for English-only policies were identified in the sample: Age (negative relationship), language group identity, incidence of Spanish in the linguistic landscape (negative relationship), the belief that Latinos are increasing in number, level of education (negative relationship), and Latino vitality.

Authors: Barker, Valerie. and Giles, Howard.
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Social Limitation Structural Equation Model 9
Spanish in the linguistic landscape were less likely to support English-only policies.
This was counter to expectations. The authors speculated that this might have been an
artifact of the research because they asked about perceptions of current levels of
Spanish in the linguistic landscape rather than perceptions of change in the level of
Spanish in the linguistic landscape. Alternatively, it may have been that those
participants living in an area with high levels of Spanish in the linguistic landscape were
more tolerant of other language use.
The Study
In the original research, a telephone survey (n = 389) examined Anglo-
Americans’ subjective perceptions of their own and Latino group members’ vitality in
Santa Barbara, California where a significant proportion of the population speaks
Spanish. Recent census data revealed that 30% of the Santa Barbara population are
Spanish speakers (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000a). One goal of the study was to
determine if perceptions about both Anglo-American and Latino group vitality were
related to support for English-only policies and social limitation on immigrants and
minorities (e.g., tighter immigration controls, an end to affirmative action, or denial of
social and health services to illegal immigrants). For comparison, relevant demographic
data for Santa Barbara, California and the U.S. are summarized in Table 1.
TABLE 1 ABOUT HERE
Six predictors of support for English-only policies were identified in the sample:
Age (negative relationship), language group identity, incidence of Spanish in the
linguistic landscape (negative relationship), the belief that Latinos are increasing in
number, level of education (negative relationship), and Latino vitality.


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