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Beyond cultural boundary: An empirical study of the third culture theory
Unformatted Document Text:  Third Culture Theory 11 Given the previous literature review (Casmir, 1978; Casmir & Asuncion-Lande, 1989; Casmir, 1993; Starosta, 1991), the level of the third culture was operationalized as ten items based on equality, commonality, and transcendence. Equality is defined as a balanced attitude to negate cultural dominance over one’s partner. Commonality is defined as the intersection, commonground, or similarity between two different cultures. Transcendence is defined as something new beyond two different cultures which cannot be reduced to original cultures. The ten items are: 1. I do not attempt to persuade my cultural values over my wife (husband). 2. I try to gain my spouse’s (partner’s) approval whenever possible. 3. I fully respect the cultural values held by my spouse (partner). 4. My spouse (partner) and I share a lot in common. 5. My spouse (partner) and I enjoy the similarity between our cultures. 6. My spouse (partner) and I share some private way(s) of communicating each other. 7. My spouse (partner) and I are trying to resemble each other’s culture. 8. My spouse (partner) and I enjoy something different from our original cultures. 9. My spouse (partner) and I are willing to negotiate meaning when we misunderstand each other. 10.Cultural differences between my spouse (partner) and I are no longer hindrance to our relationships. Responses were coded as five-point Likert scales: 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree,

Authors: Lee, Suman.
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Third Culture Theory
11
Given the previous literature review (Casmir, 1978; Casmir & Asuncion-Lande,
1989; Casmir, 1993; Starosta, 1991), the level of the third culture was operationalized as
ten items based on equality, commonality, and transcendence. Equality is defined as a
balanced attitude to negate cultural dominance over one’s partner. Commonality is
defined as the intersection, commonground, or similarity between two different cultures.
Transcendence is defined as something new beyond two different cultures which cannot
be reduced to original cultures. The ten items are:
1. I do not attempt to persuade my cultural values over my wife (husband).
2. I try to gain my spouse’s (partner’s) approval whenever possible.
3. I fully respect the cultural values held by my spouse (partner).
4. My spouse (partner) and I share a lot in common.
5. My spouse (partner) and I enjoy the similarity between our cultures.
6. My spouse (partner) and I share some private way(s) of communicating each
other.
7. My spouse (partner) and I are trying to resemble each other’s culture.
8. My spouse (partner) and I enjoy something different from our original cultures.
9. My spouse (partner) and I are willing to negotiate meaning when we
misunderstand each other.
10.Cultural differences between my spouse (partner) and I are no longer
hindrance to our relationships.
Responses were coded as five-point Likert scales: 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree,


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