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Beyond cultural boundary: An empirical study of the third culture theory
Unformatted Document Text:  Third Culture Theory 12 3=neutral, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree, 8=DK, 9=NA. The alpha coefficient of internal reliability for these 10 items was .76. The level of third-culture was calculated by the sum of ten items. Measuring Culture Shock The items for measuring culture shock are: 1. Things are not what they seem to be; I am worried about the future. 2. Nothing seems to work the way it is supposed to be; I am frustrated. 3. I feel depressed whenever I realize it difficult to overcome cultural gap between us. 4. Sometimes I am very surprised at my wife’s (husband’s) unexpected responses or behavior. 5. Sometimes I feel dissatisfied with communicating with my wife (husband) because of language barrier. Responses were coded as five-point Likert scales: 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree, 3=neutral, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree, 8=DK, 9=NA. The alpha coefficient of internal reliability was .79. The level of culture shock is calculated by the sum of these five items. DemographicVariables The following demographic variables were asked at the end of the questionnaire: (1) gender, (2) respondent’s country of origin, (3) current country of living, (4) difference of respondent’s native language from spouse’s (partner’s), (5) main language to

Authors: Lee, Suman.
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Third Culture Theory
12
3=neutral, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree, 8=DK, 9=NA. The alpha coefficient of internal
reliability for these 10 items was .76. The level of third-culture was calculated by the sum
of ten items.
Measuring Culture Shock
The items for measuring culture shock are:
1. Things are not what they seem to be; I am worried about the future.
2. Nothing seems to work the way it is supposed to be; I am frustrated.
3. I feel depressed whenever I realize it difficult to overcome cultural gap between
us.
4. Sometimes I am very surprised at my wife’s (husband’s) unexpected responses
or behavior.
5. Sometimes I feel dissatisfied with communicating with my wife (husband)
because of language barrier.
Responses were coded as five-point Likert scales: 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree,
3=neutral, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree, 8=DK, 9=NA. The alpha coefficient of internal
reliability was .79. The level of culture shock is calculated by the sum of these five items.
DemographicVariables
The following demographic variables were asked at the end of the questionnaire:
(1) gender, (2) respondent’s country of origin, (3) current country of living, (4) difference
of respondent’s native language from spouse’s (partner’s), (5) main language to


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