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Robin Hoods or thieves? A Foucauldian analysis of international trade policies regarding software piracy
Unformatted Document Text:  Foucauldian analysis of international trade policies 14 and “the law imposes penalties on infringers.” According to Microsoft, a “copy” includes software that is loaded into a computer’s temporary memory by running the program from a floppy disk, hard disk, CD-ROM, or other storage media, or when the software is copied onto other media such as a floppy disk or hard disk, or when the program is run from a computer to a network server on which the software is available to users. Almost all commercial computer software is licensed directly or indirectly from the copyright owner (the software publisher) for use by the customer through a type of contract called an “End User License Agreement” (known as a EULA). See Microsoft Corporation (2000, Feb 28). Piracy is not simply an international problem. In fact, according to the BSA report (May 2001), the places where software companies lose by far the most revenue are: North America (25 percent), Western Europe (26 percent), and Asia/Pacific countries (36 percent), in the aggregate comprising 87 percent of the total (alleged) loss due to software piracy. Piracy in Ukraine/Eastern Europe In 2000, Eastern Europe continued to have the highest piracy rate at 63 percent, leading to a loss of nearly $404 million, according to the BSA report (May 2001). Russia and Ukraine and other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) continue to have the highest piracy rates in this region, with 88 percent and 89 percent respectively. Poland, the third largest country in the region, reduced its piracy rate between 1999 and 2000 by six percentage points, to 54 percent. The dollar losses due to piracy declined 3.5 percent from 1999 from $12.2 billion to just under $11.8 billion. North America, Asia/Pacific and Western Europe once again

Authors: Malyshev, Yuri. and Hamilton, Ann.
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Foucauldian analysis of international trade policies 14
and “the law imposes penalties on infringers.” According to Microsoft, a “copy” includes
software that is loaded into a computer’s temporary memory by running the program from
a floppy disk, hard disk, CD-ROM, or other storage media, or when the software is copied
onto other media such as a floppy disk or hard disk, or when the program is run from a
computer to a network server on which the software is available to users. Almost all
commercial computer software is licensed directly or indirectly from the copyright owner
(the software publisher) for use by the customer through a type of contract called an “End
User License Agreement” (known as a EULA). See Microsoft Corporation (2000, Feb 28).
Piracy is not simply an international problem. In fact, according to the BSA report
(May 2001), the places where software companies lose by far the most revenue are: North
America (25 percent), Western Europe (26 percent), and Asia/Pacific countries (36
percent), in the aggregate comprising 87 percent of the total (alleged) loss due to software
piracy.
Piracy in Ukraine/Eastern Europe
In 2000, Eastern Europe continued to have the highest piracy rate at 63 percent,
leading to a loss of nearly $404 million, according to the BSA report (May 2001). Russia
and Ukraine and other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
continue to have the highest piracy rates in this region, with 88 percent and 89 percent
respectively. Poland, the third largest country in the region, reduced its piracy rate between
1999 and 2000 by six percentage points, to 54 percent.
The dollar losses due to piracy declined 3.5 percent from 1999 from $12.2 billion
to just under $11.8 billion. North America, Asia/Pacific and Western Europe once again


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