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Robin Hoods or thieves? A Foucauldian analysis of international trade policies regarding software piracy
Unformatted Document Text:  Foucauldian analysis of international trade policies 26 formations, regardless of the purpose that may be presented by those in the system capable of creating objects, labeling, etc. [Fourth??] Appadurai (1996) describes “postnational” as temporal and historical and suggests that we are in the process of moving toward a global order in which “the nation-state has become obsolete and other forms for allegiance and identity have taken its place” (p. 168-169). Additionally, Appadurai (1996) sets forth the idea that “strong alternative forms for the organization of global traffic in resources, images, and ideas” are emerging (p. 169). And, he adds, even if nations continue to exist, “the steady erosion of the capabilities of the nation-state to monopolize loyalty will encourage the spread of national forms that are largely divorced from territorial states” (Appadurai, 1996, p. 169). None of this implies that the classical territorial nation-state is as yet out of business, according to Appadurai, but “it is certainly in crisis, and part of the crisis is an increasingly violent relationship between the nation-state and its postnational Others” (Appadurai, 1996, p. 169). While we suggest some of these problems could be and occasionally are remedied in part by true multilateral efforts in trade and other social ventures, our main argument that the system isn’t acting in a way consistent with its stated goals, i.e., the discursive formations don’t match the “goal statements” i.e., few of the issues are approached in multilateral ways/with those intentions. Add examples.]. Fifth, it does not appear that “piracy” is accurately portrayed. According to the statistics (see BSA, May 2001), the costs of “theft” to companies holding software rights are generated mostly in developed nations much more capable of paying for software programs. As mentioned earlier, the BSA reports that specifically North America and

Authors: Malyshev, Yuri. and Hamilton, Ann.
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Foucauldian analysis of international trade policies 26
formations, regardless of the purpose that may be presented by those in the system capable
of creating objects, labeling, etc.
[Fourth??] Appadurai (1996) describes “postnational” as temporal and historical
and suggests that we are in the process of moving toward a global order in which “the
nation-state has become obsolete and other forms for allegiance and identity have taken its
place” (p. 168-169). Additionally, Appadurai (1996) sets forth the idea that “strong
alternative forms for the organization of global traffic in resources, images, and ideas” are
emerging (p. 169). And, he adds, even if nations continue to exist, “the steady erosion of
the capabilities of the nation-state to monopolize loyalty will encourage the spread of
national forms that are largely divorced from territorial states” (Appadurai, 1996, p. 169).
None of this implies that the classical territorial nation-state is as yet out of business,
according to Appadurai, but “it is certainly in crisis, and part of the crisis is an increasingly
violent relationship between the nation-state and its postnational Others” (Appadurai,
1996, p. 169). While we suggest some of these problems could be and occasionally are
remedied in part by true multilateral efforts in trade and other social ventures, our main
argument that the system isn’t acting in a way consistent with its stated goals, i.e., the
discursive formations don’t match the “goal statements” i.e., few of the issues are
approached in multilateral ways/with those intentions. Add examples.].
Fifth, it does not appear that “piracy” is accurately portrayed. According to the
statistics (see BSA, May 2001), the costs of “theft” to companies holding software rights
are generated mostly in developed nations much more capable of paying for software
programs. As mentioned earlier, the BSA reports that specifically North America and


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