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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of China’s Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of China’s Journalists ABSTRACT By analyzing data from surveys of journalists and journalism students in China, this paper shows that China’s media reforms coupled with media globalization have made possible for the paradigm of professional journalism to emerge as a direct competitor to the Party-journalism paradigm. While the former gets manifested in journalists’ positive appraisal of the elite western media outlets, the latter is related to praising the official Party organs. Further, the paradigm of professional journalism is related to an emphasis on the disseminator role of the media and the desire for more liberal arts training in journalism, the Party-journalism paradigm is related to an emphasis on the interpretive and popular advocacy roles as well as the desire for more training in Party propaganda and the official journalistic theories. The distinction between the two paradigms has significant implications to how China’s journalists evaluate different innovative media outlets that have emerged during the reforms. In addition, more positive appraisals of exemplars of the professional journalism are related to higher levels of education, more frequent exposure to foreign media, fewer years working under the Party-media system, and holding no administrative positions in media organizations. Theoretical significance of these findings in relation to the concepts such as journalistic paradigm, journalist professionalism, and globalization is discussed.

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms:
A Survey Study of China’s Journalists
ABSTRACT
By analyzing data from surveys of journalists and journalism students in China,
this paper shows that China’s media reforms coupled with media globalization have made
possible for the paradigm of professional journalism to emerge as a direct competitor to
the Party-journalism paradigm. While the former gets manifested in journalists’ positive
appraisal of the elite western media outlets, the latter is related to praising the official
Party organs. Further, the paradigm of professional journalism is related to an emphasis
on the disseminator role of the media and the desire for more liberal arts training in
journalism, the Party-journalism paradigm is related to an emphasis on the interpretive
and popular advocacy roles as well as the desire for more training in Party propaganda
and the official journalistic theories. The distinction between the two paradigms has
significant implications to how China’s journalists evaluate different innovative media
outlets that have emerged during the reforms. In addition, more positive appraisals of
exemplars of the professional journalism are related to higher levels of education, more
frequent exposure to foreign media, fewer years working under the Party-media system,
and holding no administrative positions in media organizations. Theoretical significance
of these findings in relation to the concepts such as journalistic paradigm, journalist
professionalism, and globalization is discussed.


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