All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of Chinaís Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  10 state or political authority. They frequently invoke the notion of ‚Äúthe Fourth Estate‚ÄĚ in talking about, for example, the U.S. media in the American political system. Their belief, simplistic maybe, is not entirely without empirical basis. Researchers have argued that journalists and politicians in the U.S. often perform an adversarial relationship based on a well-understood and shared conception of role relationships (Blumler & Gurevitch, 1980). The following hypothesis can thus be derived from this analysis: H 3a Beliefs in disseminator and adversarial roles of the news media are positively related to positive appraisals of elite western media. How the other two media role beliefs operate, however, reflects China‚Äôs media system and the specific ways in which journalists are related to that system through both their training and their everyday occupational practices. Under the party-press system, all journalists are party propagandists and their primary mission is to explain and propagate the party policies. With the introduction of market forces into the system, media and journalistic roles become multi-dimensional to include, among other things, providing services to the market and earning advertising revenues for their organizations (Zhao, 1998). Journalists find that they now have to ‚Äúserve the two masters,‚ÄĚ the Party and the masses (Polumbaum, 1990). While toeing the Party line, or maintaining a clear partisanship (dangxing), has the paramount importance in China‚Äôs Party journalism, some journalism scholars and journalists have chosen to emphasize on media representing the people, or demonstrating a ‚Äúpeople characteristic‚ÄĚ (renminxing). To many, these are two dialectical concepts. The political authority tries to resolve the tension between them by

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
first   previous   Page 11 of 54   next   last



background image
10
state or political authority. They frequently invoke the notion of ‚Äúthe Fourth Estate‚ÄĚ in
talking about, for example, the U.S. media in the American political system. Their belief,
simplistic maybe, is not entirely without empirical basis. Researchers have argued that
journalists and politicians in the U.S. often perform an adversarial relationship based on a
well-understood and shared conception of role relationships (Blumler & Gurevitch,
1980). The following hypothesis can thus be derived from this analysis:
H
3a
Beliefs in disseminator and adversarial roles of the news media are positively
related to positive appraisals of elite western media.
How the other two media role beliefs operate, however, reflects China’s media
system and the specific ways in which journalists are related to that system through both
their training and their everyday occupational practices. Under the party-press system, all
journalists are party propagandists and their primary mission is to explain and propagate
the party policies. With the introduction of market forces into the system, media and
journalistic roles become multi-dimensional to include, among other things, providing
services to the market and earning advertising revenues for their organizations (Zhao,
1998). Journalists find that they now have to ‚Äúserve the two masters,‚ÄĚ the Party and the
masses (Polumbaum, 1990). While toeing the Party line, or maintaining a clear
partisanship (dangxing), has the paramount importance in China’s Party journalism, some
journalism scholars and journalists have chosen to emphasize on media representing the
people, or demonstrating a ‚Äúpeople characteristic‚ÄĚ (renminxing). To many, these are two
dialectical concepts. The political authority tries to resolve the tension between them by


Convention
All Academic Convention makes running your annual conference simple and cost effective. It is your online solution for abstract management, peer review, and scheduling for your annual meeting or convention.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 11 of 54   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.