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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of Chinaís Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  13 technical skills may be related to the two competing journalistic paradigms. Because it is difficult to formulate specific hypotheses on exactly how each of the areas may be related to evaluations of different media exemplars, this part of the analysis is designed to address this research question: RQ 1 How are different degrees of importance placed on desired training for journalists in Party-propaganda, liberal arts knowledge, journalistic theories and ethics, and journalistic skills related to evaluations of different media exemplars? Exploring the Routes of Paradigm Shifts So far, we have stated hypotheses on the configuration of media outlets in the cognitive and attitudinal fields of China‚Äôs journalists. These hypotheses clearly beg the question on what are possible routes for China‚Äôs journalists to form their images of these media exemplars. More broadly, the question is, how do some journalists preserve the gestalt of party-press while others acquire that of professional news media? True shifts in journalistic paradigms are not an individual-level phenomenon. They occur only in tandem with systemic changes of power restructuring (Chan & Lee, 1991), a condition that does not exist in China. However, such shifts have cognitive underpinnings and are culminations of steady challenges, repairs, and resistance in the realm of various social and cultural influences. In the period of tensions that lead to such shifts, individual variations in their paradigmatic outlooks may still have correlates of individual attributes and experiences. In spite of China‚Äôs caution against foreign influence, its media have undergone

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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13
technical skills may be related to the two competing journalistic paradigms. Because it is
difficult to formulate specific hypotheses on exactly how each of the areas may be related
to evaluations of different media exemplars, this part of the analysis is designed to
address this research question:
RQ
1
How are different degrees of importance placed on desired training for journalists
in Party-propaganda, liberal arts knowledge, journalistic theories and ethics, and
journalistic skills related to evaluations of different media exemplars?
Exploring the Routes of Paradigm Shifts
So far, we have stated hypotheses on the configuration of media outlets in the
cognitive and attitudinal fields of China’s journalists. These hypotheses clearly beg the
question on what are possible routes for China’s journalists to form their images of these
media exemplars. More broadly, the question is, how do some journalists preserve the
gestalt of party-press while others acquire that of professional news media? True shifts
in journalistic paradigms are not an individual-level phenomenon. They occur only in
tandem with systemic changes of power restructuring (Chan & Lee, 1991), a condition
that does not exist in China. However, such shifts have cognitive underpinnings and are
culminations of steady challenges, repairs, and resistance in the realm of various social
and cultural influences. In the period of tensions that lead to such shifts, individual
variations in their paradigmatic outlooks may still have correlates of individual attributes
and experiences.
In spite of China’s caution against foreign influence, its media have undergone


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