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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of Chinas Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  16 • Learning through education, which can be further differentiated into general education and education in journalism/mass communication major; • Learning from exposure to and contacts with western colleagues and western media; • Impact of common life experiences in the reform era; and • Lack of socialization into the party-press orthodoxy. The last one suggests that those who have been working under the party-press system for many years are much less receptive to the alternative paradigm that the elite western media exemplify, either because they find it incompatible with their long-held beliefs or because they do not think it is a realistic possibility in China. Thus, in this study, we also wish to address the following research question: RQ 2 What are the individual, structural, and journalism educational factors for individual differences in their appraisals of the western elite media and party-organ media? Methods Data This study is part of a larger project on professional development among China’s journalists. The main data analyzed in this study were gathered in Shanghai, the largest city in China between February and May 2002. A probability sample of 515 full-time journalists (excluding technical personnel, photographers, camerapersons, home-based announcers, supporting staff) was drawn from the staff rosters of 10 media organizations

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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16
Learning through education, which can be further differentiated into general
education and education in journalism/mass communication major;
Learning from exposure to and contacts with western colleagues and western
media;
Impact of common life experiences in the reform era; and
Lack of socialization into the party-press orthodoxy.
The last one suggests that those who have been working under the party-press
system for many years are much less receptive to the alternative paradigm that the elite
western media exemplify, either because they find it incompatible with their long-held
beliefs or because they do not think it is a realistic possibility in China. Thus, in this
study, we also wish to address the following research question:
RQ
2
What are the individual, structural, and journalism educational factors for individual
differences in their appraisals of the western elite media and party-organ media?
Methods
Data
This study is part of a larger project on professional development among China’s
journalists. The main data analyzed in this study were gathered in Shanghai, the largest
city in China between February and May 2002. A probability sample of 515 full-time
journalists (excluding technical personnel, photographers, camerapersons, home-based
announcers, supporting staff) was drawn from the staff rosters of 10 media organizations


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