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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of China’s Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  1 Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms — A Survey Study of China’s Journalists Globalization is recognized as a complex process cutting across boundaries of nation-states and cultures. It first and foremost refers to the economic integration of a global capitalist system. It also refers to the dynamics of political and cultural influences accompanying such integration (Braman & Sreberny-Mohammadi, 1996; Tomlinson, 1999; Waters, 1995). A significant component of the complex process may be the global spread of journalistic professionalism. A number of scholars have written on what such a global tide entails in different societies through the notion of “the global journalist” (see Reese, 2001; Weaver, 1998). What happens when journalistic professionalism spreads to a society whose news and media system is not only in conflict with professionalism’s prescriptions but also undergoing major internal changes? China is a major case in this category (see Chan, 1993; Chan and Qiu, 2001; Lee, 1994; Pan, 2000a, 2000b; Zhao, 1998, 2000a). Before the reforms, the Chinese media were often portrayed to be a monolithic whole under the tight control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Its journalists were all supposed to share the perspective and practices of the Soviet model of the press (Siebert, Peterson, & Schramm, 1956). Today, although the CCP still has the will and power to implement its political control over the media, the economic reforms in the last two decades have created room for the media to achieve a certain degree of financial and operational autonomy, thereby making it possible for new and sometimes competing journalistic paradigms to develop.

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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1
Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms
— A Survey Study of China’s Journalists
Globalization is recognized as a complex process cutting across boundaries of
nation-states and cultures. It first and foremost refers to the economic integration of a
global capitalist system. It also refers to the dynamics of political and cultural influences
accompanying such integration (Braman & Sreberny-Mohammadi, 1996; Tomlinson,
1999; Waters, 1995). A significant component of the complex process may be the global
spread of journalistic professionalism. A number of scholars have written on what such a
global tide entails in different societies through the notion of “the global journalist” (see
Reese, 2001; Weaver, 1998). What happens when journalistic professionalism spreads to
a society whose news and media system is not only in conflict with professionalism’s
prescriptions but also undergoing major internal changes?
China is a major case in this category (see Chan, 1993; Chan and Qiu, 2001; Lee,
1994; Pan, 2000a, 2000b; Zhao, 1998, 2000a). Before the reforms, the Chinese media
were often portrayed to be a monolithic whole under the tight control of the Chinese
Communist Party (CCP). Its journalists were all supposed to share the perspective and
practices of the Soviet model of the press (Siebert, Peterson, & Schramm, 1956). Today,
although the CCP still has the will and power to implement its political control over the
media, the economic reforms in the last two decades have created room for the media to
achieve a certain degree of financial and operational autonomy, thereby making it
possible for new and sometimes competing journalistic paradigms to develop.


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