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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of China’s Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  20 Overseas contacts and exposure. The index of overseas contacts was a sum across five dichotomous items asking the respondents whether they had received professional training abroad, interned in an overseas media organization, visited an overseas media organization, worked with overseas colleagues in their own organization, and engaged in exchanges or collaboration with overseas colleagues. The percentages of those who reported “yes” range from 5.2% on doing interns in an overseas media organization to 47.4% on having had exchanges or collaborations with overseas colleagues. The resulting index ranges from 0 to 5, with 37% reporting no overseas contacts at all. The index of exposure to overseas media was created by averaging the 4 items on how frequently (5-point scale, 1=never and 5=very often) respondents were exposed to the news from the following sources: BBC news, CNN news, Phoenix TV (Hong Kong) news, and a foreign newspaper or news magazine that they read ( α =.71). Demographic and structural position. Demographic variables included in this analysis are respondents’ gender, age, education (1=junior high school or below, 2=senior high school, 3=two-year college, 4=4-year undergraduate, 5=beyond 4-years of undergraduate education), whether majored in journalism-related field (1=yes, 0=no), years working in journalism, media type of the current job (1=broadcasting and 0=print), whether holding an administrative position (1=no, 0=yes), commitment to journalism (whether the respondent would continue in journalism “5 years from now,” 1=yes, 0=no). However, age is found to be highly correlated with years in journalism (r=.87) and was omitted from the analysis.

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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20
Overseas contacts and exposure. The index of overseas contacts was a sum across
five dichotomous items asking the respondents whether they had received professional
training abroad, interned in an overseas media organization, visited an overseas media
organization, worked with overseas colleagues in their own organization, and engaged in
exchanges or collaboration with overseas colleagues. The percentages of those who
reported “yes” range from 5.2% on doing interns in an overseas media organization to
47.4% on having had exchanges or collaborations with overseas colleagues. The
resulting index ranges from 0 to 5, with 37% reporting no overseas contacts at all.
The index of exposure to overseas media was created by averaging the 4 items on
how frequently (5-point scale, 1=never and 5=very often) respondents were exposed to
the news from the following sources: BBC news, CNN news, Phoenix TV (Hong Kong)
news, and a foreign newspaper or news magazine that they read (
α
=.71).
Demographic and structural position. Demographic variables included in this
analysis are respondents’ gender, age, education (1=junior high school or below,
2=senior high school, 3=two-year college, 4=4-year undergraduate, 5=beyond 4-years of
undergraduate education), whether majored in journalism-related field (1=yes, 0=no),
years working in journalism, media type of the current job (1=broadcasting and 0=print),
whether holding an administrative position (1=no, 0=yes), commitment to journalism
(whether the respondent would continue in journalism “5 years from now,” 1=yes, 0=no).
However, age is found to be highly correlated with years in journalism (r=.87) and was
omitted from the analysis.


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