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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of Chinaís Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  23 order correlations coefficients (Spearman‚Äôs Rho) of the mean ratings across the four samples ranged from .97 (p<.001) between freshmen and Shanghai practitioners to 1 between seniors and graduates. The evidence clearly indicates that the patterns in the evaluations of media exemplars shown in Table 1 are widely shared, lending a clear support to our arguments that competing journalistic paradigms as shared gestalt outlooks governed the assessments of these media exemplars. H 2 is a prediction on how journalists would employ the two competing paradigms in China‚Äôs journalism to assess the two kinds of distinct innovative media emerged from the reforms. To test this hypothesis, in addition to mean comparisons in the evaluations media exemplars, we also need to examine the configuration of such evaluations. For this purpose, a model depicted in Figure 1 was subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis. The model makes a simple claim. That is, elite foreign media and Party-organ media serve as two anchors for respondents to locate Southern Weekend and the local evening papers (Xinmin Evening is a typical case). We have no theoretically informed hypothesis on the relationship between the two factors. They are allowed to correlate freely. The web media item consists of assessments of the two largest Internet service providers. They are newly arisen commercial media that have not been enclosed in the Party-media system. However, the authority has strict regulations over the content of the web media. Therefore, although these web media have more autonomy in disseminating information than the traditional media, they are also very careful in staying within the Party‚Äôs ideological bounds. This means that this variable may reveal characteristics of both the Party-media and commercial media models, reflected by its split loadings on

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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23
order correlations coefficients (Spearman’s Rho) of the mean ratings across the four
samples ranged from .97 (p<.001) between freshmen and Shanghai practitioners to 1
between seniors and graduates. The evidence clearly indicates that the patterns in the
evaluations of media exemplars shown in Table 1 are widely shared, lending a clear
support to our arguments that competing journalistic paradigms as shared gestalt outlooks
governed the assessments of these media exemplars.
H
2
is a prediction on how journalists would employ the two competing paradigms
in China’s journalism to assess the two kinds of distinct innovative media emerged from
the reforms. To test this hypothesis, in addition to mean comparisons in the evaluations
media exemplars, we also need to examine the configuration of such evaluations. For
this purpose, a model depicted in Figure 1 was subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis.
The model makes a simple claim. That is, elite foreign media and Party-organ
media serve as two anchors for respondents to locate Southern Weekend and the local
evening papers (Xinmin Evening is a typical case). We have no theoretically informed
hypothesis on the relationship between the two factors. They are allowed to correlate
freely. The web media item consists of assessments of the two largest Internet service
providers. They are newly arisen commercial media that have not been enclosed in the
Party-media system. However, the authority has strict regulations over the content of the
web media. Therefore, although these web media have more autonomy in disseminating
information than the traditional media, they are also very careful in staying within the
Party’s ideological bounds. This means that this variable may reveal characteristics of
both the Party-media and commercial media models, reflected by its split loadings on


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