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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of China’s Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  24 both factors. 12 We also suspect that the factorial structure specified in this model does not fully capture the conceptual distance between foreign and local media. That is, the “localness” and “foreignness” may represent two poles of a hidden dimension. For this possibility, we expected a negative correlation between the residuals of the foreign media and local media. In addition, we suspect that among some of the respondents, Southern Weekend, as an anomaly in the Party-journalism paradigm, will still be recognized as a domestic paper operating within (though cutting very close to the edge) the official ideological boundaries. That is, there may be a slight positive correlation between the residuals of the two variables. The results of this analysis are shown in Table 2. As the table shows, the model fits the data very well. Due to the extremely weak correlation between the two factors, this parameter was fixed at zero. The resulting model yields a X 2 =3.18 (df=2, p=.20, RMSEA=.031). All the parameters specified according to the above analysis, with the only exception of the correlated residual involving Southern Weekend and Party organs, are significant at p <.001. The evidence lends a strong support for H 2 —the Southern Weekend was viewed together with the elite foreign media and the Xinmin Evening was classified together with the “Party organs.” To show that this pattern is not unique to the Shanghai journalists but widely shared, the same model was fitted to the four samples simultaneously—the three cohorts of journalism students (freshmen, seniors, and recent graduates) and Shanghai journalists (results not shown due to space limit). Results from this multi-group confirmatory factor analysis can significantly enhance our confidence in the results shown in Table 2. The 12 Detailed analysis of the web-based media is a topic for another paper. For the sake of completeness, they are included here in assessing the configuration of various media exemplars.

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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24
both factors.
12
We also suspect that the factorial structure specified in this model does
not fully capture the conceptual distance between foreign and local media. That is, the
“localness” and “foreignness” may represent two poles of a hidden dimension. For this
possibility, we expected a negative correlation between the residuals of the foreign media
and local media. In addition, we suspect that among some of the respondents, Southern
Weekend, as an anomaly in the Party-journalism paradigm, will still be recognized as a
domestic paper operating within (though cutting very close to the edge) the official
ideological boundaries. That is, there may be a slight positive correlation between the
residuals of the two variables.
The results of this analysis are shown in Table 2. As the table shows, the model
fits the data very well. Due to the extremely weak correlation between the two factors,
this parameter was fixed at zero. The resulting model yields a X
2
=3.18 (df=2, p=.20,
RMSEA=.031). All the parameters specified according to the above analysis, with the
only exception of the correlated residual involving Southern Weekend and Party organs,
are significant at p <.001. The evidence lends a strong support for H
2
—the Southern
Weekend was viewed together with the elite foreign media and the Xinmin Evening was
classified together with the “Party organs.”
To show that this pattern is not unique to the Shanghai journalists but widely
shared, the same model was fitted to the four samples simultaneously—the three cohorts
of journalism students (freshmen, seniors, and recent graduates) and Shanghai journalists
(results not shown due to space limit). Results from this multi-group confirmatory factor
analysis can significantly enhance our confidence in the results shown in Table 2. The
12
Detailed analysis of the web-based media is a topic for another paper. For the sake of completeness, they
are included here in assessing the configuration of various media exemplars.


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