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Assessing Media Exemplars and Shifting Journalistic Paradigms: A Survey Study of China’s Journalists
Unformatted Document Text:  52 Appendix B Descriptive Statistics and Reliability Coefficients of Journalistic Role Belief and Desired Training Indices 1. Journalistic Role Beliefs Question wording: The following are statements on social functions of the news media. What’s your view on each of them? Use a 5-point scale where 1 means “not at all important” and 5 means “very important.” Indices and Questionnaire Items Mean S.D. alpha Interpretive .82 providing explanations on government’s policies 3.84 .94 helping people understand the party and government’s policies 3.94 .99 guiding/directing public opinion 3.96 1.00 starting discussions on policy issues 3.57 1.04 providing interpretation/explanations on complex issues 4.01 .88 Adversarial .91 questioning and criticizing the words and deeds of social organizations 3.25 1.05 questioning and criticizing businesses’ words and deeds 3.39 1.02 questioning and criticizing government officials’ words and deeds 3.34 1.14 Dissemination .76 providing new information speedily 4.61 .69 reporting newly occurring events factually 4.49 .72 Popular advocacy .84 being people’s mouthpiece 4.06 1.06 helping people to constrain the decision makers 4.17 .98 promoting social change 3.96 .98

Authors: Pan, Zhongdang. and Chan, Joseph Man.
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52
Appendix B
Descriptive Statistics and Reliability Coefficients of
Journalistic Role Belief and Desired Training Indices

1. Journalistic Role Beliefs

Question wording:
The following are statements on social functions of the news media. What’s your view on each
of them? Use a 5-point scale where 1 means “not at all important” and 5 means “very
important.”
Indices and Questionnaire Items
Mean
S.D.
alpha
Interpretive
.82
providing explanations on government’s policies
3.84
.94
helping people understand the party and government’s
policies
3.94 .99
guiding/directing public opinion
3.96
1.00
starting discussions on policy issues
3.57
1.04
providing interpretation/explanations on complex issues
4.01
.88
Adversarial
.91
questioning and criticizing the words and deeds of social
organizations
3.25
1.05
questioning and criticizing businesses’ words and deeds
3.39
1.02
questioning and criticizing government officials’ words
and deeds
3.34
1.14
Dissemination
.76
providing new information speedily
4.61
.69
reporting newly occurring events factually
4.49
.72
Popular advocacy
.84
being people’s mouthpiece
4.06
1.06
helping people to constrain the decision makers
4.17
.98
promoting social change
3.96
.98


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