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Gender differences in family communication about organ donation
Unformatted Document Text:  24 and is not associated with argument. In many families, it may not be necessary to communicate one’s reasons. Our data show that most family members agree with the decision of the individual and do not argue with the person. Only 11% of the respondents reported that the family member argued with them. It does not appear that communicating about organ donation is a difficult task. Gender Differences The data do indicate some gender differences on both conversational and attitudinal items. In all cases, these results demonstrate more positivity toward organ donation in females than in males. Females are more likely to have conversations with family members about organ donation, and are more likely to include within those conversations discussion of their desire to donate, the need for organs, and why they’d like to donate. Females indicated higher levels of agreement to comply as a result of these conversations, demonstrating the relationship between inclusion of these topics and potential agreement. Females were also more positive attitudinally on almost all of the items on the Morgan and Miller scale. Although most of the analyses do not indicate means that are very far apart (mean differences range from .2 to .4), the pattern of results is consistent and statistically significant. The open-ended responses also indicated notable differences based on gender. Females were more likely to report that their conversations had focused upon many of the topics associated with a positive response from a family member, including presenting moral/altruistic/religious reasons or relating personal/family stories. Females were also more likely than males to merely inform the family member of the donation decision or to mention to the family that they had made the decision to donate when renewing their

Authors: Thompson, Teresa., Robinson, James. and Kenny, Wade.
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and is not associated with argument. In many families, it may not be necessary to
communicate one’s reasons. Our data show that most family members agree with the
decision of the individual and do not argue with the person. Only 11% of the respondents
reported that the family member argued with them. It does not appear that
communicating about organ donation is a difficult task.
Gender Differences
The data do indicate some gender differences on both conversational and
attitudinal items. In all cases, these results demonstrate more positivity toward organ
donation in females than in males. Females are more likely to have conversations with
family members about organ donation, and are more likely to include within those
conversations discussion of their desire to donate, the need for organs, and why they’d
like to donate. Females indicated higher levels of agreement to comply as a result of
these conversations, demonstrating the relationship between inclusion of these topics and
potential agreement. Females were also more positive attitudinally on almost all of the
items on the Morgan and Miller scale. Although most of the analyses do not indicate
means that are very far apart (mean differences range from .2 to .4), the pattern of results
is consistent and statistically significant.
The open-ended responses also indicated notable differences based on gender.
Females were more likely to report that their conversations had focused upon many of the
topics associated with a positive response from a family member, including presenting
moral/altruistic/religious reasons or relating personal/family stories. Females were also
more likely than males to merely inform the family member of the donation decision or
to mention to the family that they had made the decision to donate when renewing their


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